Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, 2008 - Art - 319 pages
The female members of the nineteenth-century Impressionist movement are usually painted out of official art history, although Edouard Manet, for one, testified to the talents of his friends Berthe Morisot (whose "Harbor at Lorient" of 1869 he so admired that she gave it to him) and Eva Gonzales (the only pupil Manet ever took), and discussed matters of painting with them as readily as with male peers like Edgar Degas. Even Degas himself, notoriously misogynistic, invited Mary Cassatt to exhibit with him (she was the only American to do so); and Marie Bracquemond also exhibited at the Impressionist exhibitions of 1879, 1880 and 1886, despite the discouragement of her husband. All of these women practiced and supported Impressionism from its earliest days, when it was still a popular sport to deride it. Nonetheless, for Morisot, Gonzales, Bracquemond and Cassatt, the chances of equivalent long-term recognition were predictably slim, and while their own individual oeuvres were too strong and too omnipresent in their own time to be entirely eradicated from the annals of art, they have rarely received due attention in the hands of subsequent commentators. This stunning 400-page compendium, published to accompany the important traveling exhibition which goes to San Francisco in the summer of 2008, corrects this longstanding oversight, presenting these pioneering painters alongside each other for the first time, reproducing their oil paintings, pastels, watercolors, drawings and etchings and offering a cogent rebuttal of familiar Impressionist narratives.
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The Construction of Work
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Baby Charles Ephrussi child cm Bibliotheque nationale cm Collection cm Musee d'Orsay cm National Gallery cm Private collection collection Berthe Morisot collection Marie Bracquemond Collection of Diane color CR B&W fig critic drawing dress Drypoint and aquatint Durand-Ruel Edgar Degas Edma Edouard Manet Eva Gonzales Felix Bracquemond female artists female students feminine Femme figure French Gallery of Art Garden Gordon Getty Graphite Gustave Geffroy Impressionism Impressionist exhibition Lady Letter London Louise Louvre male Mallarme Marie's Mary Cassatt modern Morisot see note mother motif Musee d'Orsay Musee Marmottan Monet Museum of Art nationale de France oeuvre Oil on canvas painter painting Paris Mary Cassatt pastel Pastel on paper peintres Petit Palais Pissarro Portrait Private collection Berthe Private collection CR Private collection Marie Renoir Rouart s.d. Oil Salon Salon de Paris sister Watercolor wet nurse Wilsey women artists York Young Woman