The Greek Slogan of Freedom and Early Roman Politics in Greece

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Oxford University Press, Mar 24, 2011 - History - 524 pages
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The Greek Slogan of Freedom and Early Roman Politics in Greece elucidates the main steps and ways in which the slogan of freedom emerged and developed into the fundamental principle of Greek diplomacy and politics, long before the Romans appropriated and used this slogan to establish their domination over the Mediterranean. Originally employed by the Spartans and Athenians, who used it to subvert each other's military alliances before and during the Peloponnesian war, the slogan of freedom helped to maintain political and military balance among the major Greek powers during the classical period, putting a check on their aspirations. After Philip II and Alexander III (the Great) established Macedonian rule over Greece, and in the subsequent Hellenistic period, the slogan of freedom not only continued to be an important tool for undermining rival military alliances and vindicating aggressions on behalf of those whose freedom was allegedly violated or endangered, but also served to determine the status of individual Greek communities. Once Rome became involved in Greek affairs, she made the slogan of freedom part of her policy in Greece. The Romans' claim of protecting Greek freedom was their only justification for interfering in Greek affairs. Individual Greek cities preserved their status, including freedom, by pledging loyalty and good faith to Rome. This network of mutual obligations and responsibilities evolved into a system of political control over the Greeks, which came to be known as the Roman Peace (pax Romana). This book argues, therefore, that the Roman Mediterranean empire was built not only on military might, but also on diplomacy, including a skillful Roman adaptation to local political practices and vocabulary.
  

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Contents

Introduction
3
THE SLOGAN OF FREEDOM FROM THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR TO THE COMING OF ROME
13
EARLY ROMAN POLITICS IN GREECE
143
THE AFTERMATHFROM THE DEFEAT OF ANTIOCHOS III TO THE DESTRUCTION OF CORINTH
225
The Slogan of Freedom from the Kings Peace to the Pax Romana
351
Appendix 1The End of the Theban Adffiliation with the Second Athenian Confederacy
381
Appendix 2Spartas Alleged Participation in the Athens Peace
391
Appendix 3The Peace of 367 the Peace of Pelopidas and Diodoros
399
Appendix 6Demostheness Macedonian Diplomacy in the Reign of Alexander
421
Appendix 7Alexanders Treatment of Individual Cities in Asia Minor
427
Appendix 8The Expeditions of Heracleides and Dicaearchos
433
Appendix 9Fides and Roman and Foreign Clientelae
437
Select Bibliography
445
Index of Inscriptions Papyri and Coins
467
Index of Ancient Authors and Texts
475
Index of Names and Subjects
499

Appendix 4The Content of the Kings Peace and the Territorial Clause
407
Appendix 5Philips Leadership of the Thessalians
411

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About the author (2011)


Sviatoslav Dmitriev is Associate Professor of History, Ball State University

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