The Non-Jewish Origins of the Sephardic Jews

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SUNY Press, 1996 - Social Science - 321 pages
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Following in the pattern of his earlier works on the origins of Ashkenazic Jewry, Professor Wexler presents a fascinating, but controversial linguistic study on the origins of Sephardic Jewry. Finding that many of the language patterns of Sephardic Jewry have their origins in non-Jewish languages, the author suggests that many Sephardic Jews are actually descendants of the converts who brought with them the language of their birth and integrated it into Sephardic speech patterns and dialects. furthermore, he uses linguistic clues to suggest both migration patterns and the possible isolation of Sephardic Jewry.
  

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Contents

Approaches to the Study of Jewish Ethnicity and Ethnic Myths
1
Conversion to Judaism in the Asian African and Iberian Lands up to c1200 AD
21
The Migration of Western Asian Jews to the Western Mediterranean
25
The Role of Western Asian Converts in the Formation of the Sephardic Jews
27
Conversion to Judaism in North Africa and Spain
36
The Contribution of Women Converts to the Formation of the Sephardic Jews
51
Syncretistic Religious Expression in Spain with special attention to the Marranos
56
The North African Homeland of the Sephardic Jews and the Origin of the Term Sephardic
75
The Broken Plural in JudeoSpanish Hebrew and JudeoArabic
166
Periphrastic Verbs with Hebrew Components in JudeoSpanish
167
The Agentive Formation in JudeoSpanish and JudeoSpanish Hebrew
168
Determination in Modified Noun Phrases in JudeoSpanish Hebrew
169
The Common Hebrew and JudeoAramaic Corpus of JudeoArabic and JudeoSpanish
171
The Impact of Berber on Iberian JudeoArabic and JudeoSpanish
173
Evidence from Religion and Folk Culture
180
The Processes of Judaization
191

The Alleged Hispanicity of the Sephardic Jews
86
Towards a New Periodization of Sephardic History
98
The BerberoArab Roots of the Sephardic Jews
105
Evidence from Language
106
Jewish Onomastics as a Reflection of the Ethnic Origins of the Sephardic Jews
126
Jewish Migration from North Africa to Spain as Reflected in North African Latin and Greek Elements in JudeoArabic and JudeoSpanish
135
The Arabic Imprint on JudeoSpanish and JudeoSpanish Hebrew
154
Iberian JudeoSpanish Arabisms which are Unique in Inventory Form or Meaning
156
The Arabized Pronunciation of JudeoSpanish and JudeoSpanish Hebrew
163
Arabic Grammatical Processes in JudeoSpanish and JudeoArabicJudeoSpanish Hebrew
165
The Elimination of Berber and Arab Practices
195
The Retention of Obsolete Berber and Arab Practices and their Nomenclature
196
The Espousal of Ashkenazic Provencal Romaniote and New Berber and Arab Practices
199
The Recalibration of Christian Terms and Practices
212
The Recalibration of Muslim Arabic Terms and Names in Iberian JudeoArabic and JudeoSpanish
217
Findings and Challenges
229
Bibliography
249
Index of Names and Topics
293
Index of Segments Words and Phrases
313
Copyright

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About the author (1996)

Paul Wexler is Professor of Linguistics at Tel-Aviv University.

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