Possessing the Pacific: Land, Settlers, and Indigenous People from Australia to Alaska (Google eBook)

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Harvard University Press, Jun 30, 2009 - History - 400 pages
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During the nineteenth century, British and American settlers acquired a vast amount of land from indigenous people throughout the Pacific, but in no two places did they acquire it the same way. Stuart Banner tells the story of colonial settlement in Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Tonga, Hawaii, California, Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, and Alaska. Today, indigenous people own much more land in some of these places than in others. And certain indigenous peoples benefit from treaty rights, while others do not. These variations are traceable to choices made more than a century ago--choices about whether indigenous people were the owners of their land and how that land was to be transferred to whites.

Banner argues that these differences were not due to any deliberate land policy created in London or Washington. Rather, the decisions were made locally by settlers and colonial officials and were based on factors peculiar to each colony, such as whether the local indigenous people were agriculturalists and what level of political organization they had attained. These differences loom very large now, perhaps even larger than they did in the nineteenth century, because they continue to influence the course of litigation and political struggle between indigenous people and whites over claims to land and other resources.

"Possessing the Pacific" is an original and broadly conceived study of how colonial struggles over land still shape the relations between whites and indigenous people throughout much of the world.

  

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Possessing the Pacific: land, settlers, and indigenous people from Australia to Alaska

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This investigation of 19th-century white settlement in the Pacific explores why colonists' strategies for appropriating land from native people varied so widely from place to place. Banner (How the ... Read full review

Contents

The Pacific World and Its Atlantic Antecedents
1
Terra Nullius by Design
13
Conquest by Contract
47
Conquest by Land Tenure Reform
84
Preparing To Be Colonized
128
Terra Nullius by Default
163
Terra Nullius as Kindness
195
Compulsory Treaties
231
The Importance of Indigenous Political Organization
260
Occupancy and Neglect
287
What Produced Colonial Land Policy?
315
Abbreviations
322
Notes
323
Index
381
Copyright

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