Feminist Epistemology and American Pragmatism: Dewey and Quine
Feminist philosophy identifies tensions within mainstream theories of knowledge. To create a more egalitarian epistemology, solutions to these problems have been as diverse as the traditions of philosophy out of which feminists continue to emerge. This book considers two equally formidable approaches theorized by Louise Antony and Lynn Hankinson Nelson.The American philosopher W.V.O. Quine locates knowledge as a branch of empirical science. Shuford shows how both Antony and Nelson use Quine's 'naturalized epistemology' to create empirically robust feminist epistemologies. However, Shuford argues that neither can include physical embodiment as an important epistemic variable. The book argues that John Dewey's theory of inquiry extends beyond Quine's insight that knowledge must be interrogated as an empirical matter. Because Dewey insists that all aspects of experience must be subject to the experimental openness that is the hallmark of scientific reasoning, Shuford concludes that physical embodiment must play an important part in knowledge claims.
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1 Birthing Feminist Pragmatist Epistemologies
2 Quines Naturalized Epistemology
3 Antonys Analytic Feminist Empiricism
4 Nelsons Holistic Feminist Empiricism
5 Deweys Theory of Inquiry
6 Feminist Pragmatist Inquiry
Alcoff analytic androcentric Antony argues Antony’s argument beliefs bias paradox biases biological birth body Chapter coherence commitments commonsense communities conceptual scheme context critiques cultural Dewey’s analysis Dewey’s theory Dragnet Edited embodied habits empirical empiricist Episiotomy epistemic subject evidential standards Feminism feminist epistemologies feminist philosophers feminist pragmatist feminist standpoint fetal ﬁeld ﬁrst gender holism human Ibid identiﬁes indeterminacy of translation inﬂuence interaction Kant’s knower knowledge claims knowledge projects labor language Linda Martin logical man-the-hunter meaning medical model metaphysical midwife midwifery midwifery model Nancy Tuana observation Obstetrics ontology organic particular pattern of inquiry Perineal Massage perspective Philosophy of Science physical objects postmodern pragmatism Q_uine’s empiricism Q_uine’s naturalized epistemology Quine argues realism reﬂect Sandra Harding scientiﬁc scientiﬁc theories sensory sentences signiﬁcant social speciﬁc statements Susan Bordo theory of evidence theory of inquiry theory of knowledge traditional transformation underdetermination University Press values veriﬁcation woman women York