strength, very few but exempts now remaining at home. I am using my best exertions to induce them to form organizations for local defense.

I am, yours, very respectfully, [26.] F. R. LUBBOCK.

Headquarters, San Antonio, Tex., October 12, 1863. Capt. E. P. Turner,

Assistant Adjutant-General, Houston, Tex.:

Captain: I have the honor to acknowledge receipt of communication No. 609, ordering me to prepare for the removal of ordnance stores to Palestine, Tex.* I have furnished Colonel Stockton with a copy of this communication, and officially informed him that his requisition for transportation would be approved and any other assistance given him in my power to further instructions of the commanding general. Special Orders, No. 44, is also at hand, a copy of which has also been furnished to Colonel Stockton, commanding arsenal. I am also in receipt of Col. George W. White's communication upon the subject of impressing cattle, with your indorsement thereon, ordering me to send a company of cavalry into that district for the purpose of impressing all the surplus cattle, &c. I have the honor to state that for four months no cattle have crossed the Rio Grande from San Felipe Crossing to Eagle Pass without a pass from these headquarters. Numbers of beeves have been turned back and sent into the interior. Numerous applications have been made for permission to purchase and export, which have always been denied. I have again ordered the strictest vigilance along the Rio Grande, and have directed that all beeves hereafter that may arrive at any point on the Rio Grande from San Felipe Crossing to Eagle Pass in the hands of speculators be at once impressed and sent at once under guard to Austin, Tex., to report to Col. G. W. White, commissary agent. If the major-general commanding approves of this proceeding it will remove the necessity of sending a company to Llano County.

I inclose receipt for copy of letter addressed to Governor Vidaurri. I am very glad to see that this privilege has been granted. Suppose in return that I make application to Governor Vidaurri to grant me permission to send a small force into Piedras Negras or some distance beyond to arrest deserters and runaway negroes. If I can be permitted to proceed in this matter I can get volunteers for the purpose and have it promptly attended to. I have ordered Captain Alderete's company to Austin, Tex., to report to Colonel Baird. I suppose they will be ordered by him to join their command. Please instruct me in regard to Captain Conway's company. They are without horses or arms; shall I order them to join their regiments? They are of no use to me whatever. Major Williamson has arrived at this post. I am now consulting with him in regard to my cotton impressments. Inconceivable difficulties arise in regard to these transactions. I shall therefore get his advice and attempt to finish up this business, as far as I am concerned, as quickly as possible. In regard to Castro. A communication has just been placed before me from H. Castro, asking for service as administrator or director. As this communication was referred to me I have to state that Mr. Castro, I am informed, came to this country

* See Vol. XXVI, Part II, p. 264.

fifteen or twenty years ago in charge of a colony of Alsatians. He is a very intelligent old Frenchman, about seventy-nine years of age, the uncle of Lorenzo Castro, our C. S. agent at Eagle Pass. His age would prevent him from assuming the duties of any position to which he could be assigned, however great his willingness. Like all other men who occupy a noticeable situation in life, he has many enemies; besides, there are others who seem to know him well who do not speak very favorably of him. Most of his people are in Piedras Negras or in other portions of Mexico. If he could again colonize them at Castroville, twenty-five miles from this place, I might be able to fill up two or three companies of militia. He is a man of very fine manners and very gentlemanly appearance.

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

A. G. DICKINSON,

Lieut. Col. and Assistant Adjutant-General, Commanding 1'ost.

[26.]

Alexandria, La., October 12, 1863.

Hon. J. A. Seddon,

Secretary of War: Dear Sir: I arrived at this place on yesterday and avail myself of this earliest opportunity to write. General E. Kirby Smith is in Shreveport, about 200 miles distant. General Taylor is on the front waiting the advance of the enemy. I have therefore not had the honor of a conference with either of them. I have given special attention to your instructions in regard to the crossing of the Mississippi River. Your views can be easily carried out; all that will be required is a company of 100 men stationed on each side of the river, whose special duty it shall be to guard all persons crossing and to conduct them to places of safety. I have already begun the work, and have sent a captain and twenty-five men to take care of Major Springer, whom I left near Woodville. Generals Smith and Taylor are both very busy, and I fear will not find time to attend to this matter. I will undertake it with pleasure, and guarantee as soon as I get the authority from you to make the crossing safe and certain. In order to do this I wish the authority from you to enlist two companies of men (cavalry) subject to conscript duty either in Mississippi or Louisiana, to appoint the officers myself, which companies shall be subject to my order and to be used specially in guarding transportation across the Mississippi River; 200 men will do better than thau 2,000, for I can secrete more, or station them at will without the knowledge of the enemy. The enemy are very vindictive, not only in breaking up all skiffs, but punishing ferrymen. These are seized, their houses destroyed, and themselves carried oft' as prisoners. I have therefore to request that you will send me several blank orders of this nature:

A. Ii., of General Allen's command, is hereby detailed to keep a frrry on the Mississippi River at —'■ for the jrarposo of crossing, with their horses and wagons,

iSic., all officers, soldiers, or other persons in the service or ourploy of this Confederate Government.

J

Secretary of f\'ar.

This will give protection to the ferrymen, who will at worst fare as well as captured soldiers. Please forward to me at this place, care or-General Taylor, the above orders and I will guarantee what I written above. Things over here look gloomy. The enemy are reported advancing in force, and the people are desponding—very desponding. Please have my brigade exchanged as quickly as possible. I am anxious to get into the field. The country here is full of deserters and runaway conscripts. I will write you again as soon as I can see General Smith and make a suggestion in regard to them. I am told they number 8,000—a terrible state of affairs. From what I can gather, Taylor's troops are well handled and are all in good fighting trim. They will be able to whip the enemy whenever he advances. Very truly, your obedient servant,

H. W. ALLEN,

[26.] Brigadier-General,- C. IS. Provisional Army.

Executive Department, Washington, Ark., October 18,1863.

Lieutenant-General Holmes:

Dear Sir: I have met with General Fagan, and he has explained the transfer of Captain Kilgore's company from the State to the Confederate service, and says that it is not contemplated that any troops in the State service will be left out of the new company. From what he says, I suppose there must exist a misunderstanding about the State troops, and I am not aware that the undertaking between General Smith and myself has ever been submitted to you. I send you a copy. This you will see was made during your sickness, and while General Price was in command of Little liock, Ark. I commenced operations, but for want of skill or experience, did not succeed very well at first. I afterward, as an experiment, called out the militia, expecting to get volunteers, and succeeded so well as to get companies organized in the counties where the call for the militia was enforced. There are now seven companies which have been collected under the call. In the meantime General Smith sent Colonel Trader to me, to assist in organizing troops. This was before you took command at Arkadelphia. He was assigned the command of the troops raised by the State, and under my direction has had command since that time. This was the situation of affairs when General Fagan got his orders to raise troops under a Confederate law for State defense. By that order, he was assigned to the command of troops raised for the defense of the State under Department Orders, No. 42. Colonel Trader had command of State troops; G eneral Fagau was assigned to command of Confederate troops raised for State defense. One acted under orders from the State government, and the other under orders from the Confederate Government. I do not think there can be any mistake about the command of each.

Now I do not object to the State troops, as individuals or companies, becoming Confederate troops, provided that no injury occurs to the service by so doing. I have no objection to General Fagan having command of the State troops in case of action, or even in camp, after they are drilled; I would like for him to take them forward and make an effort to raise troops in front of our lines. But you know that I believe Arkansas will have to depend upon her State troops for defense after a few weeks, and I am very desirous that these troops should be drilled before that time. These troops are satisfied now, and have not the pilfering habits of the troops in the service. To put them into camp with the infantry will have a tendency to infuse in them the dissatisfaction of the army, and their demoralization also. The mounted troops cannot get forage near a large infantry as easily or abundantly as away from it. The constant habit of military men is to put new troops where they can be drilled in camp. The command of Colonel Trader is entirely consistent with General Fagan having command hereafter. That there may be no mistake hereafter, I will state in short propositions my understanding of the questions involved: First, Colonel Trader is in command of the State troops raised, commissioned, and paid by the State. Second, General Fagan is in command of Confederate troops, raised, commissioned, and paid by the Confederate States. Third, I shall not object to the transfer of companies or individuals from the State to the Confederate States when made according to military usage. Fourth, if General Fagan shall want the State troops to move forward, they will be furnished, of course, under his command. Fifth, these troops should be drilled, but as soon as moderately drilled they ought to serve with the Coi federate troops in the field. Sixth, I recognize the necessity of troops acting under one head, and you as commanderin-chief of the State, as well as Confederate forces in the State. Perhaps I may add that the troops raised by the State are more than double all the troops raised by volunteering, or by the conscript law, within the past few mouths; that one-half of all the volunteers raised outside of the State troops were raised in Polk and Montgomery Counties, where the militia were called out, and by Major Ousley. In addition to the troops in this section, I have a number of men within the enemy's lines, raising troops, but with what success I am not informed. You are aware that troops to operate in Arkansas after the Confederate army has left, must be held together by their patriotism. For this reason it is important that these troops should be convinced that assurances given byme to them should be strictly observed.

With assurances of the highest confidence and regard, I am, your obedient servant,

H. FLANAGIN.

[22.]

Headquarters Line Of The Sabine,

Nibletfs Bluff, La., October 22, 1863.

Capt. E. P. Turner,

Assistant Adjutant General, Houston, Tex.: Sir: After a careful examination and mature consideration I am reluctantly compelled to state that the defenses of this place are weaker than I at first thought. I am perfectly willing to stay and defend it to the very last extremity, but I deem it my duty to state that if vigorously attacked with the means which the enemy have it must succumb in a short time. I respectfully request that Colonel Sulakowski be ordered here, even if he can remain but a few hours. It is not through any desire that I have to be ordered away from here, but from a sense of duty that I state these facts. The general commanding may rest assured that if there were no fortifications here whatever I should, if ordered to do so, stay and defend it to the last moment of my life, but I feel it my duty to mention these facts to save my name as a soldier and that of the men under my command from disgrace, should anything unfortunately occur. This place is capable of being rendered very strong, provided the necessary time and means can be had. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

A. BUCHEL,

[26.] Colonel, Commanding.

Washington, Ark., October 24, 1863.

Lieu ten an t-G eneral Holmes:

Dear Sir: Yours of October 21,1863, has been received. I have no idea of any differences springing up between us in relation to the State troops. We have almost always thought alike as to what ought to be done, and how it should be effected. Your policy for the district was the only one which I thought practicable, and our experience thus far has gone to prove it. The policy of raising State troops you concurred in, and it has done well thus far. It has succeeded in enlisting four times the number which the Confederate States have received in the same length of time. We will talk more of this when I see you. 1 propose coming to your camp as soon as 1 get the State troops in camp. I propose, in compliance with your advice, to place them ten miles in front of this place, and to picket the crossings of the Missouri Eiver. We have news here that the Federal cavalry have been in Arkadelphia. It is doubtful. Of course O eneral Marmaduke's position will notenable him to guard this place against a raid. I have seen a letter contrasting the treatment of the citizens received from enemies and friends; and I regret to say that the contrast was all in favor of that received from enemies. If such a thing is possible, I wish much that discipline could be enforced in the army more effectually than at present; but I see and appreciate your difficulties. The troops (State) which I have here are free from the vices of theft, &c, and intend to keep them so. I should like much to be with the army, and would stay in your neighborhood but for two reasons: First, the State archives, when surrounded by the army, ought to have my attention; and, second, I have so often said to General Smith that a retreat from the State would be followed by desertion, that I fear he might think my presence encourages it. The talking I have done has been with General Smith, yourself, Judge Watkins, Colonel Johnson, and not with the community or soldiers. Your obedient servant,

H. FLANAGIN.

[22.]

Washington, Ark., October 26, 1863.

G.'k Peay,

Adjutant- General:Dear Sir: You will visit Lewisville, in La Fayette County, and see Captain Ford, who has been raising a company of mounted riflemen under the State. I have been informed that this company has been sworn into the service of the Confederate States. If so, the only thing to be done is to communicate this fact to General Fagan. If the State troops which can be raised in La Fayette County are already raised you are authorized to disband the militia. If convenient, I would like for you to goto Union County. Captain Holloway has been raising a company of mounted riflemen in that county. If his company is organized, you can disband the militia of that county. If the colonel is inefficient, and Captain Holloway has not got his company formed, let him swear his men in and get the militia together, and compel those who are liable to the conscript law to go into the State or C. S. service. I am, your obedient servant,

H. FLANAGIN.

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