Understanding virtue ethics
Philosophers have increasingly advocated a virtue-based ethics that challenges traditional moral theories founded on moral obligation and delineation of right or wrong in given situations. Stan van Hooft provides a broad overview of the history of virtue ethics from Aristotle to Nietzsche to the ideas of contemporary writers Ricoeur and Levinas. He explores the major themes of moral theory and shows how a virtue ethics approach differs from those of other traditions. Van Hooft considers how morally complex practical problems, such as abortion, euthanasia, and integrity in politics, might be approached from a virtue perspective and addresses the charges of relativism and egoism that are often mounted against virtue ethics, arguing that virtue ethics is highly relevant to our understanding of the moral dimensions of professional roles.
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A brief history of virtue from the Stoics to Levinas
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Accordingly action activity admire appropriate argue arise Aristotle Aristotle's behaviour Chapter commitments concept concern context convictions courage David Hume decisions desire discourse duty ethics Emmanuel Levinas emotions ethical aim ethics of duty eudaimonid example expression feeling Friedrich Nietzsche fulfilment give happiness hermeneutic honour Hume important individual inherent intellectual virtues internal goal interpersonal involves judgement justice Levinas lives master morality mean metaphysical mode moral norms moral psychology moral realism moral theory motivated nature Nicomachean Ethics Nietzsche notion object one's oneself ourselves particular Paul Ricoeur philia philosophers phronesis pleasure practical primordial problem prudence rational reason relevant Ricoeur Rosalind Hursthouse seek self-affirmation self-project sense situation social society soul specific stance suggest taking responsibility tell theorists things tion tradition truth understanding values virtue ethicists virtue ethics virtue of reverence virtue theory virtues of character virtuous agent virtuous person whereas wrong