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Adam Smith admit advantage aggressive agricultural Alliance Allied countries Allied Governments Argentina Austro-Hungary backward countries belligerent bounties boycott Britain British British Empire capital Central Europe Central Powers civilization co-operation colonial competition consumer Customs Union diplomatic direct Dominions dumping duties effect Empire enable enemy countries enemy subjects enterprise equality establish Europe export trade favourable fiscal foreign countries foreign markets foreign trade France Free Trade gain German firms German or American German shipping German trade Holland hostile Imperial important impose injure intercourse investment J. M. Robertson key-industries labour machinery manufactures measures ment military monazite monopoly national defence Navigation Acts neutral countries neutral markets Opulence organization overseas supplies peace political ports produce profitable prohibit proposals Protectionism Protectionist raw materials requisite revenue Russia secure self-sufficing sources of supply South America staple taxation taxes tection tion United United Kingdom whole
Page xiv - The Allies decide to take the necessary steps without delay to render themselves independent of the enemy countries in so far as regards the raw materials and manufactured articles essential to the normal development of their economic activities.
Page 144 - ... the enemy shall be brought into accord for this purpose : A. The allies will prohibit their own subjects and citizens and all persons residing in their territories from carrying on any trade with the inhabitants of enemy countries of whatever nationality, or with enemy subjects, wherever resident, persons, firms and companies whose business is controlled wholly or partially by enemy subjects or subject to enemy influence, whose names will be included in a special list.
Page 142 - They declare that after forcing upon them the military contest in spite of all their efforts to avoid the conflict, the Empires of Central Europe are to-day preparing, in concert with their allies, for a contest on the economic plane, which will not only survive the re-establishment of peace, but will at that moment attain its full scope and intensity.
Page 144 - They will prohibit the importation into their territories of all goods originating in or coming from enemy countries. C. — They will devise means of establishing a system enabling contracts entered into with enemy subjects and injurious to national interests to be cancelled unconditionally. II. — Business undertakings owned or operated by enemy subjects in the territories of the Allies...
Page 147 - The Allies declare themselves agreed to conserve for the Allied countries, before all others, their natural resources during the whole period of commercial, industrial, agricultural, and maritime reconstruction, and for this purpose they undertake to establish special arrangements to facilitate the interchange of these resources.
Page 67 - The act of navigation is not favourable to foreign commerce, or to the growth of that opulence which can arise from it.
Page 150 - Allies will adopt the methods which seem to them most suitable for the carrying out of this resolution, according to the nature of the commodities and having regard to the principles which govern their economic policy.
Page 150 - They may, for example, have recourse to either enterprises subsidized and directed or controlled by the governments themselves or to the grant of financial assistance for the encouragement of scientific and technical research and the development of national industries and resources, or to customs duties or prohibitions of a temporary or permanent character, or to a combination of these different methods.
Page 142 - ... to secure for themselves and for the whole of the markets of neutral countries full economic independence and respect for sound commercial practice, and on the other hand to facilitate the organisation on a permanent basis of their economic alliance.