The fabrication of social order: a critical theory of police power
Anyone who considers questions of power cannot help but be struck by the ubiquitous nature, emotional force and political pull of the concept of order. The Fabrication of Social Order examines the role of policing in the fabrication of order.After an initial exploration of the original relationship between police, state power and the question of order, Neocleous focuses on the ways in which eighteenth century liberalism refined and narrowed the concept of the police, a process which masked the power of capital and broader issues of social control. In doing so he challenges the way liberalism came to define policing solely in terms of the question of crime and the rule of law. This liberal definition created a limited and fundamentally misleading understanding of policing which remains in use today. In contrast, Neocleous argues for an expanded concept of police, adequate to the expansive set of institutions through which policing takes place. These institutions are concerned not just with the maintenance or reproduction of order, but with its fabrication, especially the fabrication of a social order based on wage labour. This project, he argues, should be understood as the project of social security. Grasping this point allows a fuller understanding of the ways in which the state polices and secures civil society, and how order is fabricated through law and administration.
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activities argued argument arrest assumption bourgeois Britain Cambridge University Press Cameralism Cameralists capital central Chadwick Chapter cited citizen civil society class of poverty Clive Emsley Colin Gordon concept of police concern Criminal Law criminology discipline discretion disorder E.P. Thompson eighteenth century emerged enforce England English example exercise fabrication fact force Foucault function G.W.F. Hegel Gatrell Harmondsworth Hegel History ideological increasingly individual industry insecurity judicial justice law and order liberal liberal democratic liberty London Macmillan Malcolm Young means medical police modern nature nineteenth century notes Oxford Patrick Colquhoun pauperism Penguin police concept police idea police institution police officers police power police project police studies police theorists political economy poor law problem prosperity question regulations Routledge rule of law sense Smith social order social policy social security theory tion trans Treatise on Indigence vagrancy wage labour Wealth of Nations welfare Well-Ordered Police workers