Enhancing the knowledge engineering process: contributions from ESPRIT
North-Holland, 1992 - Computers - 273 pages
In 1983, the Commission of the European Communities launched an ambitious 10 year programme in information technology called ESPRIT: European Strategic Programme for Research and Development in Information Technology. The papers in this volume focus on the contributions of the second phase of the programme, ESPRIT II, to the area of knowledge engineering, and more specifically, on the trend towards more disciplined knowledge engineering methodologies. An attempt has been made to establish a coherent volume that will act as a lasting reference source for experts in the field. This has lead to a focus on a small number of projects and topics. Further, contributions have been sourced primarily from those that have established a significant advance in respect of the international state of the art, without losing sight of practical realisability and industrial acceptance. The book captures work centering around the concept of knowledge-level modelling and its use in structuring the complete life-cycle, validating expert systems, acquiring knowledge, enhancing capabilities and achieving genericity and re-use. It shows the high quality and the advanced nature of the research currently being undertaken and indicates that important innovations of extreme relevance to the industry have been achieved. However, further research and advanced development clearly continues to be needed because the European information technology has far from reached the level of competitiveness required to acquire a greater international market share. It is hoped this publication will play an important role in this movement forwards.
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Luc Steels and Brice Lepape
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abstract achieved algorithms analysis application architecture Artificial Intelligence behaviour Breuker chunk CKRL Clancey components computational concepts Conceptual Graphs constraints construction control knowledge decomposition defined described diagnosis domain knowledge domain model domain theory editors ESPRIT Project evaluation example Expert Systems Figure FLAM functions H_CLASS ILAM implementation inference input integration interaction interface KADS models KBS development KBS validation knowledge acquisition knowledge base knowledge engineering knowledge level knowledge level modeling knowledge representation knowledge source knowledge-based systems logic Machine Learning meta-components meta-level meta-theory methodology model of expertise module NKRL NOMOS normative object system object-model ontology operations output paradigm particular perform possible primitive tasks problem solving method programming realised reflective system relations representation language represented reusability rules Schreiber semantic solver specific strategy subtask syntactic task model task structure texts VALID project validation tools VETA Wielinga workbench