Ancient Perspectives: Maps and Their Place in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome

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Richard J. A. Talbert
University of Chicago Press, Nov 14, 2012 - History - 264 pages
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Ancient Perspectives encompasses a vast arc of space and time—Western Asia to North Africa and Europe from the third millennium BCE to the fifth century CE—to explore mapmaking and worldviews in the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. In each society, maps served as critical economic, political, and personal tools, but there was little consistency in how and why they were made. Much like today, maps in antiquity meant very different things to different people.

Ancient Perspectives presents an ambitious, fresh overview of cartography and its uses. The seven chapters range from broad-based analyses of mapping in Mesopotamia and Egypt to a close focus on Ptolemy’s ideas for drawing a world map based on the theories of his Greek predecessors at Alexandria. The remarkable accuracy of Mesopotamian city-plans is revealed, as is the creation of maps by Romans to support the proud claim that their emperor’s rule was global in its reach. By probing the instruments and techniques of both Greek and Roman surveyors, one chapter seeks to uncover how their extraordinary planning of roads, aqueducts, and tunnels was achieved. Even though none of these civilizations devised the means to measure time or distance with precision, they still conceptualized their surroundings, natural and man-made, near and far, and felt the urge to record them by inventive means that this absorbing volume reinterprets and compares.

  

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Contents

Introduction Richard J A Talbert
1
1 The Expression of Terrestrial and Celestial Order in Ancient Mesopotamia Francesca Rochberg
9
Ancient Egypts Multiple Maps David OConnor
47
Greek Initiatives from Homer to Eratosthenes Georgia L Irby
81
Mapmaking and the Scientific Enterprise Alexander Jones
109
5 Greek and Roman Surveying and Surveying Instruments Michael Lewis
129
Roman Mapping on the Grand Scale Richard J A Talbert
163
Mapping in Roman Texts Benet Salway
193
Bibliography
235
Contributors
251
Index
253
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Richard J. A. Talbert is the William Rand Kenan, Jr., Professor of History and Classics and founder of the Ancient World Mapping Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He is the author or editor of numerous books, including the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World and Rome's World: The Peutinger Map Reconsidered.