After the War was Over: Reconstructing the Family, Nation, and State in Greece, 1943-1960

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Mark Mazower
Princeton University Press, 2000 - History - 312 pages
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This volume makes available some of the most exciting research currently underway into Greek society after Liberation. Together, its essays map a new social history of Greece in the 1940s and 1950s, a period in which the country grappled--bloodily--with foreign occupation and intense civil conflict.


Extending innovative historical approaches to Greece, the contributors explore how war and civil war affected the family, the law, and the state. They examine how people led their lives, as communities and individuals, at a time of political polarization in a country on the front line of the Cold War's division of Europe. And they advance the ongoing reassessment of what happened in postwar Europe by including regional and village histories and by examining long-running issues of nationalism and ethnicity. Previously neglected subjects--from children and women in the resistance and in prisons to the state use of pageantry--yield fresh insights.


By focusing on episodes such as the problems of Jewish survivors in Salonika, memories of the Bulgarian occupation of northern Greece, and the controversial arrest of a war criminal, these scholars begin to answer persistent questions about war and its repercussions. How do people respond to repression? How deep are ethnic divisions? Which forms of power emerge under a weakened state? When forced to choose, will parents sacrifice family or ideology? How do ordinary people surmount wartime grievances to live together?


In addition to the editor, the contributors are Eleni Haidia, Procopis Papastratis, Polymeris Voglis, Mando Dalianis, Tassoula Vervenioti, Riki van Boeschoten, John Sakkas, Lee Sarafis, Stathis N. Kalyvas, Anastasia Karakasidou, Bea Lefkowicz, Xanthippi Kotzageorgi-Zymari, Tassos Hadjianastassiou, and Susanne-Sophia Spiliotis.


  

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Contents

Introduction
3
Three Forms of Political Justice Greece 19441945
24
The Punishment of Collaborators in Northern Greece 19451946
42
Purging the University after Liberation
62
Between Negation and SelfNegation Political Prisoners in Greece 19451950
73
Children in Turmoil during the Civil War Todays Adults
91
LeftWing Women between Politics and Family
105
The Impossible Return Coping with Separation and the Reconstruction of Memory in the Wake of the Civil War
122
The Civil War in Evrytania
184
The Policing of Deskati 19421946
210
Protocol and Pageantry Celebrating the Nation in Northern Greece
221
After the War We Were All Together Jewish Memories of Postwar Thessaloniki
247
Memories of the Bulgarian Occupation of Eastern Macedonia Three Generations
273
An Affair of Politics Not Justice The Merten Trial 19571959 and GreekGerman Relations
293
List of Contributors
303
Index
305

Red Terror Leftist Violence during the Occupation
142

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About the author (2000)

Mark Mazower is a professor of history at Princeton University and has recently been appointed professor of history at Birkbeck College, London. He is the author of several books, most recently Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century.

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