Hiraizumi: Buddhist Art and Regional Politics in Twelfth-century Japan
In the twelfth century, along what were then the borders of the Japanese state in northern Honshu, three generations of local rulers built a capital city at Hiraizumi that became a major military and commercial center. Known as the Hiraizumi Fujiwara, these local powerholders were descendents of the ancient Emishi, for centuries rivals to the central Japanese state and only recently reluctant participants in the growing Japanese polity. At Hiraizumi, these rules created a city filled with art, from splendid temples and shrines to landscaped gardens and palatial residences that rivaled in scale and extravagance those found in Kyoto. This building program was at least in part an attempt to use the power of art and architecture to claim a religious and political mandate. At the same time, it was an encounter with a set of concerns that arose from the situation of the Hiraizumi Fujiwara as outsiders in an emergent cultural homogeneity defined by the center in Kyoto.
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Jewel in the Ashes: Buddha Relics and Power in Early Medieval Japan
Brian Douglas Ruppert
Limited preview - 2000
The Unruled East 10 The Emishi izl Hitakami 13 The Northern
The Kitakami Rulers
The Oshu Wars 35 Kitakami Buddhism 39 A Fushu Nation?
Kiyohira 58 Hiraizumi 62 Chusonji 67 Another Temple
Sutra of Gold and Silver 80 Symbolisms
Contests for Legitimacy 89 Strategies of Culture 92 Motohira
Hidehira 96 Hiraizumi 98 Motsuji 100 Kanjizaioin 106
Ainu Amida Amida hall Azuma kagami Bishamonten bodhisattva Buddha Buddhist Canon Bunji Bunji no chumon capital center dais Chinese chinju shogun Chosho Chusonji Chuyuki Courtesy of Chusonji culture Daichojuin Dainichi Dewa provinces Emishi Ennin Enryaku Enryakuji Enryuji fascicles Fujishima fushu Ganmon Go Shirakawa gold leaf Golden Light Sutra Hiraizumi Fujiwara Hiraizumi Mansion Hirotoshi and Iwasa Hosshoji Ichiji Kinrin Isawa Japan Japanese Kannon Kanzan Kinai Kitakami Basin Kitakami River Kiyohira Kodai Konjikido Koromo Kyoto leaf over lacquer Lotus Sutra mid-twelfth century Minamoto Monju Monju Pentad monk Motohira and Hidehira Motsuji mummies Muryokoin Mutsu and Dewa Mutsu Province Nara natabori Nihon northern Honshu northwest dais Oshu Pagoda Sutra Phoenix Hall Prefecture Saito Toshio Sankozo sculptures Sekkanke Shaka Shi Tenno Shoku Nihongi Six Jizo statue Sudo Hirotoshi Sutra Repository Tadazane Taga Taira Takahashi Tomio temple Ten'ei Toba Tohoku twelfth century worship Wutaishan Yakushi Yoritomo Yoshiie Yoshitsune