A Murder in Lemberg: Politics, Religion, and Violence in Modern Jewish History

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Princeton University Press, 2007 - History - 152 pages
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How could a Jew kill a Jew for religious and political reasons? Many people asked this question after an Orthodox Jew assassinated Israeli Prime Minister Itshak Rabin in 1995. But historian Michael Stanislawski couldn't forget it, and he decided to find out everything he could about an obscure and much earlier event that was uncannily similar to Rabin's murder: the 1848 killing--by an Orthodox Jew--of the Reform rabbi of Lemberg (now L'viv, Ukraine). Eventually, Stanislawski concluded that this was the first murder of a Jewish leader by a Jew since antiquity, a prelude to twentieth-century assassinations of Jews by Jews, and a turning point in Jewish history. Based on records unavailable for decades, A Murder in Lemberg is the first book about this fascinating case.

On September 6, 1848, Abraham Ber Pilpel entered the kitchen of Rabbi Abraham Kohn and his family and poured arsenic in the soup that was being prepared for their dinner. Within hours, the rabbi and his infant daughter were dead. Was Kohn's murder part of a conservative Jewish backlash to Jewish reform and liberalization in a year of European revolution? Or was he killed simply because he threatened taxes that enriched Lemberg's Orthodox leaders?

Vividly recreating the dramatic story of the murder, the trial that followed, and the political and religious fallout of both, Stanislawski tries to answer these questions and others. In the process, he reveals the surprising diversity of Jewish life in mid-nineteenth-century eastern Europe. Far from being uniformly Orthodox, as is often assumed, there was a struggle between Orthodox and Reform Jews that was so intense that it might have led to murder.

  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Galicia and Its Jews 17721848
9
Lemberg and Its Jews 17721848
18
A Reform Rabbi in Eastern Europe
34
Rabbi Abraham Kohn in Lemberg 18431848
52
Revolution and Murder
65
Abraham Ber Pilpel Murderer?
81
The Indicted CoConspirators
97
Magdalena Kohn v the Austrian Empire
107
Conclusion
112
Afterword
121
Acknowledgments
129
Notes
131
Bibliography
143
Index
149
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

Michael Stanislawski is Nathan J. Miller Professor of Jewish History at Columbia University. His previous books include "Psalms for the Tsar "(1988) and "For Whom Do I Toil? "(1988).

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