The Boundaries of Consciousness: Neurobiology and Neuropathology
Elsevier, 2006 - Medical - 585 pages
Consciousness is one of the most significant scientific problems today. Renewed interest in the nature of consciousness - a phenomenon long considered not to be scientifically explorable, as well as increasingly widespread availability of multimodal functional brain imaging techniques (EEG, ERP, MEG, fMRI and PET), now offer the possibility of detailed, integrated exploration of the neural, behavioral, and computational correlates of consciousness. The present volume aims to confront the latest theoretical insights in the scientific study of human consciousness with the most recent behavioral, neuroimaging, electrophysiological, pharmacological and neuropathological data on brain function in altered states of consciousness such as: brain death, coma, vegetative state, minimally conscious state, locked-in syndrome, dementia, epilepsy, schizophrenia, hysteria, general anesthesia, sleep, hypnosis, and hallucinations. The interest of this is threefold. First, patients with altered states of consciousness continue to represent a major clinical problem in terms of clinical assessment of consciousness and daily management. Second, the exploration of brain function in altered states of consciousness represents a unique lesional approach to the scientific study of consciousness and adds to the worldwide effort to identify the "neural correlate of consciousness". Third, new scientific insights in this field have major ethical and social implications regarding our care for these patients.
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1 What in the world is consciousness?
2 A neuroscientific approach to consciousness
how and what do we measure?
toward a cognitive neuroscience of human experience
5 Skill corporality and alerting capacity in an account of sensory consciousness
6 Methods for studying unconscious learning
7 Computational correlates of consciousness
8 Machine consciousness
23 Hysterical conversion and brain function
precipitating factors and neural correlates
25 Neardeath experiences in cardiac arrest survivors
26 The concept and practice of brain death
defining the borders of consciousness
28 Behavioral evaluation of consciousness in severe brain damage
29 Evoked potentials in severe brain injury
two equations with three unknowns
9 Consciousness information integration and the brain
10 Dynamics of thalamocortical network oscillations and human perception
11 From synchronous neuronal discharges to subjective awareness?
12 Genes and experience shape brain networks of conscious control
a neurological guided tour
14 The mental self
cytology and components of the neural network correlates of consciousness
a reappraisal of functional neuroimaging data
17 General anesthesia and the neural correlates of consciousness
studies with propofol
hypnosis and placeboinduced analgesia
why are patients with absence seizures absent?
21 Two aspects of impaired consciousness in Alzheimers disease
22 Functional brain imaging of symptoms and cognition in schizophrenia
31 Novel aspects of the neuropathology of the vegetative state after blunt head injury
32 Using a hierarchical approach to investigate residual auditory cognition in persistent vegetative state
measurements of brain function and therapeutic possibilities
what is it like to be conscious but paralyzed and voiceless?
35 Braincomputer interfaces the key for the conscious brain locked into a paralyzed body
36 Neural plasticity and recovery of function
clinical ethical and legal problems
potentials and limitations
39 Outcome and ethics in severe brain damage
toward a palliative neuroethics for disorders of consciousness
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