Greek Religion and Culture, the Bible, and the Ancient Near East

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BRILL, 2008 - Religion - 424 pages
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In the last decades there has been an increasing interest in the relationship between Greek religion & culture and the Ancient Near East. This challenging book contributes greatly to this interest by studying the Near Eastern background of important Greek myths, such as those of the creation of the world and the first woman, the Flood, the Golden Fleece, the Titans and travelling seers, but also of the births of Attis and Asclepius as well as the origins of the terms a ~paradisea (TM) and a ~magica (TM). It also shows that, in turn, Greek literature influenced Jewish stories of divine epiphanies and that the Greek scapegoat myths and rituals contributed to the central Christian notion of atonement.
  

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Contents

Chapter 1 Canonical and Alternative Creation Myths
1
Chapter 2 Pandora or the Creation of a Greek Eve
19
Chapter 3 The Birth of Paradise
35
Brothers and Fratricide in the Ancient Mediterranean
57
Kronos and the Titans
73
Chapter 6 Near Eastern and Native Traditions in Apollodorus Account of the Flood
101
From the Wife of Lot to Orpheus and Eurydice
117
Tales of Travelling Seers
133
Chapter 12 Persian Magoi and the Birth of the Term Magic
235
Chapter 13 Anaphe Apollo Aiglętęs and the Origin of Asclepius
249
A Greek God in Anatolian Pessinous and Catullan Rome
267
Chapter 15 The Myth of the Golden Fleece
303
A Jewish Response to a Persian Challenge?
339
Appendix II Magic and Religion?
347
Appendix III The Spelling and Meaning of the Name Megabyxos
353
Bibliography
357

Chapter 9 Hebrew Lishkah and Greek Leschę
153
Chapter 10 The Scapegoat between Northern Syria Hittites Israelites Greeks and Early Christians
169
Heliodorus in the Temple and Paul on the Road to Damascus
215

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About the author (2008)

Jan N. Bremmer (Ph.D. 1979) is professor of Religious Studies at the University of Groningen. He has published extensively on Greek, Roman, Early Christian and contemporary religion, including Greek Religion (1994) and The Rise and Fall of the Afterlife (2002).

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