A Practical Treatise on the Use of the Blowpipe, in Chemical and Mineral Analysis: Including a Systematic Arrangement of Simple Minerals, Adapted to Aid the Student in His Progress in Mineralogy, by Facilitating the Discovery of the Names of Species (Google eBook)
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alloyed amorphous antimony arsenic assay Barytes becomes opaque Berzelius blackish blowpipe blueish borax brittle brown brownish Carbonate charcoal clear glass Coal cobalt colourless glass combustion conchoidal cooling copper cupel decrepitates dissolved dull earthy edges effervescence exterior flame Felspar fibrous Fluor-spar flux fracture conchoidal frangible fumes fuses fusible fusion Genus gives off water glimmering glistening globule grains granular greenish greyish heat infusible intumesces iron lead grey lime lustre lustre shining magnetic manganese mass matrass melts metallic globule mineral muriatic acid occurs massive odour open tube oxide oxygen particles piece platinum powder prisms produced pure pyrites quantity Quartz reddish reducing flame result roasting salt scoria scratches sectile shining pearly silica silver six-sided slaty soda soft solution of cobalt spar Specific Gravity streak structure lamellar substances Sulphuret sulphuric acid Tellurium tinge tion translucent transparent glass vapour variety vitreous volatilized white enamel yellow yellowish yields
Page 37 - ... he forces a continual stream of air from the anterior part of the mouth through the blowpipe. When the mouth begins to be empty, it is replenished by the lungs in an instant, while the tongue is withdrawn from the roof of the mouth, and replaced again in the same manner as in pronouncing the monosyllable tut.
Page 36 - The operation depends upon a little artifice in blowing through the pipe, which is in reality more difficult to describe than to acquire. " The effect intended to be produced is a continual stream of air for many minutes, if necessary, without ceasing. This is done by applying the tongue to the roof of the mouth, so as to interrupt the communication between the mouth and the passage of the nostrils ; by which means the operator is at liberty to breathe through the nostrils, at the same time that...
Page 120 - In a platina spoon it emits white fumes, and is reduced in the interior flame to molybdous acid, which is blue ; but in the exterior flame it is again oxidated, and becomes white. With microcosmic salt, in the exterior flame, a small proportion of the acid gives a green glass, which by gradual additions of the acid passes through yellow-green to reddish, brownish, and hyacinth-brown, with a slight tinge of green. In the interior flame the colour passes from yellow-green, through yellow-brown and...
Page 37 - ... cavity of the mouth : all subsequent supplies of air are to be introduced in the same manner as the first. Thus, with a little practice, the power may be obtained of keeping up a continued blast for as many minutes as may be necessary for any ordinary operation.* IV.
Page 102 - If the quantity of oxide is so small that the green colour is not perceptible, its presence may be detected by the addition of a little tin, which occasions a reduction of the oxide to protoxide, and produces an opaque, red glass. If the oxide has been fused with borax, this colour is longer preserved ; but if with microcosmic salt, it soon disappears by a continuance of heat. The copper may also be precipitated upon iron, but the glass must be first saturated with iron.
Page 4 - Lond., 1788. philosophical pursuits with the help of an assistant. He accordingly employed Assessor Gahn, who performed, under his directions, a series of operations on all the minerals then known, by which he was taught in what manner each individual conducted itself before the Blowpipe. The experience thus acquired enabled Gahn to employ the instrument in every kind of chemical and mineralogical inquiry; and he attained such a degree of skill in its use, that he could detect the presence of substances...
Page 44 - ... hole the substance to be examined must be put. The assay should be placed on the side of the charcoal, and not the end ; otherwise, the substance to be fused spreads about, and a round bead will not be formed. But Berzelius, in the following passage, gives us directions quite contrary (p. 31): — " In order to fix the flux to a point on the surface of the support, one of the ends perpendicular to the layers of the wood is to be chosen for its receptacle ; if placed on the section parallel to...
Page 25 - Care must be taken that the stream of air does not strike against any part of the wick, as it would then be disturbed, and split into several parts.
Page 196 - Not affected by the mineral acids. When fused with carbonate of potash, and diluted with water, a white powder precipitates, heavier than the one employed. Before the blow-pipe it does not melt, but becomes opaque and brown. With microcosmic salt it forms a globule of glass, which appears black ; but its fragments are violet. With borax it forms a deep...
Page 10 - Children. form water, one essential character, the fusibility or iafusibility of different substances as determined by the common blow-pipe, disappears before the intense heat produced by this, which levels all bodies to one general class of fusible substances ; though very evident differences are still observable in the facility with which different bodies are reduced to the state of fusion. In return too for the character which is thus lost, we gain a new one in the appearance of the otherwise...