The Siphonini (Diptera: Tachinidae) of Europe
The present volume presents a detailed account of the taxonomy, biology and distribution of the European species of Siphonini. This group of tachinid Diptera totals 58 species in Europe of which 6 are here described as new to science. In most species, the immatures live as endoparasitolds of lepidopterous larvae, but a few species even attack tipulid larvae. Several species of Siphonini are of great economic interest as agents for the control of lepidopterous and tipulid pests in agriculture and forestry. An analysis and proposal on the systematic position of the Siphonini is given together with a key to larger taxonomic entities of Tachinidae. The generic classification is also critically emphasized. A separate chapter summarizes aspects of the group's natural history: life-cycles, mating behaviour, oviposition strategies, etc. The taxonomic part contains identification keys to genera and species, and for each species a diagnosis, a description and accounts on the nomenclature, biology and distribution is given. A separate catalogue details the provincial distribution of the 47 species occurring in Fennoscandia and Danmark. No less than 275 line drawings and 15 colour illustrations accompany the text.
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Abdomen absent Actia Andersen Aphantorhaphopsis apically apodeme apomorphous areas of yellow aristomere arm of ventral autapomorphy basal Belshaw Biology blackish Ceranthia cerci and surstylus Ceromya characters dark Denmark densely Diptera distinctly easily recognized eggs Entomophaga European species Female Femora Fennoscandia Fennoscandia and Denmark Finland Flight period fuscous Goniocera gonites and aedeagus hind-margins hokkaidensis Holotype larvae lateral discal setae lateral marginal setae Lectotype length of frons Leskiini lobe long as frons m-cu male genitalia maximum width median marginal setae median vitta Meigen Mesnil monophyly narrower than maximum Noctuidae ovipositor Palaearctic palp Parafacial parasitism parasitoid Peribaea pollinose posterior sclerite postsutural dc setae preapical seta pregonite Prementum Prosternum rarely Robineau-Desvoidy Scandinavia sclerite segment 3 subrectangular setulae Siphona Siphona-group Siphonini slightly sp.n specimens Sweden synapomorphy Tachinidae tarsomere tergites Thorax Tl+2 Tschorsnig & Herting vein ventral plate Villeneuve wholly wide as maximum wider than maximum width of fl width of palp yellow ground-colour ZMUC