Ecophysiology of Desert Birds

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Springer, 1996 - Nature - 181 pages
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The scientific study of birds in arid regions has been conducted more or less intensively for about 40 years. This is an appropriate time to draw together the threads of the diverse research on birds living in such an extreme environment.
Topics include: Desert Avifaunas; Food and Energy; Water - Drinking; Water Regulation; Thermoregulation; Timing of Breeding; Ecology of Breeding.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
11 Preadaptation of Birds to the Arid Zone
8
Desert Avifaunas
9
21 Coloration
15
Food and Energy
21
31 Seeds as a Food Resource
22
32 Small Passerines
24
33 The Ostrich Struthio camelus
26
622 NonEvaporative Heat Loss
93
63 Metabolic Rate
94
64 Some Case Histories
95
642 The Zebra Finch Poephila guttata
98
643 Passerines in the Namib Desert
99
645 The Sociable Weaver Philetairus socius
100
647 Ratites
102
648 Sandgrouse
104

34 Sandgrouse and Doves
29
35 The Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus
33
36 Torpidity in Insectivorous Birds
34
Water 1 Drinking
35
42 Doves
43
43 Sandgrouse
44
44 Other Species
46
45 Conclusions
48
Water 2 Water Regulation
49
52 Thirst
52
53 Water Sources and Water Quality
53
54 Pathways of Water Loss
57
542 Evaporative Water Loss EWL
68
55 AridAdapted vs NonAridAdapted Birds
72
56 Some Case Studies
76
561 Ostrich Struthio camelus
77
562 Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi and Chukar Partridge Alectoris chukar
78
564 Sandgrouse Pterodes spp
80
565 Rock Dove Feral Pigeon Columba livia
81
567 Ground Dove Columbina passerina
82
5610 Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus
83
5611 WhiteThroated Silverbill Lonchura malabarica
84
5613 Sage Sparrow Amphispiza belli
85
5614 BlackThroated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata and Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus
86
57 Conclusions
87
Thermoregulation
89
62 Heat Loss
91
649 Columbids
106
6410 Charadriiformes Other Than Sandgrouse
109
6412 Cuculiformes
111
65 Conclusions
112
Breeding 1 Timing of Breeding
113
72 South America
115
73 Australia
116
731 The Zebra Finch Poephila guttata
117
733 The Inland Dotterel Peltohyas australis
119
74 Africa
120
75 Africa and Australia Compared
126
76 North America
127
762 The Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus
128
763 Breeding Seasons
129
77 Moult
130
Breeding 2 Ecology of Breeding
133
82 Other Charadriiformes
140
83 Pigeons
143
84 The Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus
144
85 Larks
145
86 The Sociable Weaver Philetairus socius
149
87 Other Small Passerines
150
88 Conclusions
153
Into Tomorrow
155
References
159
Subject Index
169
Copyright

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Page 162 - An analysis of the avifauna of the southern Kalahari Gemsbok National Park.
Page 161 - Erörterungen zur Definition und Anwendbarkeit der Begriffe 'Ultimate Factor', 'Proximate Factor
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Page 162 - The breeding biology and behaviour of the Double-banded Courser Rhinoptilus africanus (Temminck).
Page 161 - Weinstein Y (1986) Metabolic heat production and evaporative heat loss in desert phasianids: Chukar and Sand Partridge. Physiol Zool 59:592-605 Gatter W (1971) Wassertransport beim Flufiregenpfeifer (Charadrius dubius).
Page 161 - K (1970) Environmental factors controlling reproduction in African and Australian birds - a comparison. Ostrich Suppl 8:193-204 Immelmann K (1971) Ecological aspects of periodic reproduction.

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