Myth, Identity and Conflict: A Comparative Analysis of Romanian and Serbian Textbooks
ProQuest, 2009 - 460 pages
The study compares two cases of ethnically diverse societies sharing a substantial set of characteristics but where inter-group relations developed in two opposite directions. In Serbia the entire decade of the 1990s was witness to widespread violence, first in the wars of Yugoslav secession (1991-1996) and later in the conflict over the status of the Kosovo region (1998-1999). In Romania, despite one eruption of interethnic violence in March 1990, there have been no further clashes between Romanians and Hungarians, even if a latent suspicion continued to be verbally manifested between these two communities. By comparing these cases, the possibility opens to verify the impact of taught history on the representations of self and others and, from this premise, to examine its influence on the potential for peaceful or conflictual ethnic relations.
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Methods of textbook analysis
The History textbook in context
Education conflict and ethnic identity overview of existing scholarship
Romanian national myths
Common myths to Serbia and Romania
Representation of the self in Romanian and Serbian texts
Representation of the Other in Romanian and Serbian textbooks
19th century 8th grade Alba Iulia Albanians Alexandru Ioan Cuza analysis appears Balkan battle Belgrade Bessarabia Bukovina Chetniks Christian collective memory communist conflict Croatian Croats cultural Dacian described discourse dominant elements elites enemy especially ethnic groups Europe European example focus Gacesa grade textbook Greater Romania Greater Serbia Grigore hero historians historiography history textbooks Hungarians idea ideology illustrations intellectual interpretation Kosovo language Latin leader medieval Michael the Brave Mihaljcic military Milosevic modern Moldova myth narrative national history national identity national unity nationalist neighbors norms Oane and Ochescu one’s organization Ottoman past period political position present prince quoted regime region religion religious role Roman Romania and Serbia Romanian Romanian language Serbian history Serbian national Serbs social society Stefan Dusan Stojanovic story symbolic territory textbook authors Tito tradition Transylvania Union Ustasha victimhood visual Vulpe Wallachia WWII Yugoslav Yugoslavia