Adaptive Speciation

Front Cover
Ulf Dieckmann
Cambridge University Press, Sep 2, 2004 - Science - 460 pages
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Unraveling the origin of biodiversity is fundamental for understanding our biosphere. This book clarifies how adaptive processes, rather than geographic isolation, can cause speciation. Adaptive speciation occurs when biological interactions induce disruptive selection and the evolution of assortative mating, thus triggering the splitting of lineages. Internationally recognized leaders in the field explain exciting developments in modeling speciation, together with celebrated examples of rapid speciation by natural selection. Written for students and researchers in biology, physics, and mathematics, this book is a ground-breaking treatment of modern speciation science.
  

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Contents

Speciation in Historical Perspective
17
Inmxluction to Part A
32
Ecological Underpinnings
54
Sexual Populations
76
Genetic Theories of Allopatric and Parapatric Speciation
112
Spatial Structure
140
Introduction to Part B
170
Natural Selection and Kcological Speciation in Sticklehacks
192
Phylogenetic Pauerns and Biogeographic Interpretation
353
Adaptive Speciation
357
Concluding Comments
359
l8 Diversity and Speciation of Semionotid Fishes in Mesozoic Rift Lakes
362
Semionotid Fishes
363
Newark Lake Paleolimnology
364
Semionotus Radiations in the Newark Supergroup
366
Ecological Context of Evolutionary Novelty and Speciation
368

II daplite Speciation in Northern Freshwater Fishes
210
Sympatric Spceiatimt in Insects
229
l2 Adaptive Specialin in Agricultural Pests
249
l3 Kculogical Speciation in Flowering Plants
264
l4 Experiments un Adaptation and Divergence in Bacterial Populations
278
Patterns of Speciation
301
I6 Evolutionary Diversification of Caribbean Anulis Lizards
322
Adaptation and Speciation in Greater Antillean Anoles J B Lososl
335
Concluding Comments R S Thorpe and J B Lososl
343
l7 Adaptive Radiation of African Montane Plants
345
Vegetation Zones on African Mountains
349
The Giant Senecios and Giant Lohelias
351
Time Required for Speciation
374
Concluding Comments
379
l9 Epilogue
380
Adaptive Speciation
381
Diversity of Speciation Processes
383
Empirical Studies of Speciation
384
Continuous Spliuing and Radiations
388
Future Directions
389
References
395
Index
445
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Dr. Ulf Dieckman is Project Leader, Adaptive Dynamics Network at the IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.

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