Kingship in the Mycenaean World and Its Reflections in the Oral Tradition
During the last few decades, there has been great interest in the problems of defining the extent and nature of kingship in the Mycenaean world. Questions concerning the degree of economic and religious power held by the king have been given special emphasis. This book surveys the conclusions drawn by individual scholars studying the Linear B tablets, contrasts their theories with our knowledge of the Mycenaean kingdoms as derived from the archaeological record, and finally compares this evidence with possible reflections in the oral tradition, specifically in the Iliad and Odyssey . This approach leads to the suggestion that the king in the Mycenaean period had only limited power over the society and its economy. Although the king appears to have controlled a large segment of the economy, it is argued here that other individuals and family groups within the kingdom also had a certain degree of economic independence.
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The Archaeological Evidence
The Evidence of the Linear B Tablets
The Ugarit Parallel
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Achaians Achilles Aegaeum Aegean Agamemnon Ahhiyawa Alkinoos archaeological record Argolid associated Athens Atreus bard basileus Blegen buildings burials Catalogue of Ships century Chadwick 1976a chariots circles at Mycenae citadel Crete Dickinson Diomedes discussion Dorians earlier early economy epic tradition excavations existence gold Grave Circle Greece Greek mainland Hagg Homeric epics identified Iliad Iliad and Odyssey indicate Ithaka Karageorghis Killen king kingdom kingship Knossos Laffineur land Late Bronze Age Late Helladic Late Helladic IIIB lawagetas Liege Linear B tablets Marinatos megaron Minoan Mycenae Mycenaean Palaces Mycenaean period Mycenaean world Mylonas names Nestor Niemeier Odyssey Oil Merchant oral tradition Palaima palatial Panagia Panagia House Penelope pottery prehistoric Pylos reflect Rehak rooms ruler shaft graves Shear Shelmerdine sherds society stirrup jars suggests Telemachos Thebes tholoi tion Tiryns tombs Treasury of Atreus Trojan Troy Ugarit vases Ventris and Chadwick Wace wall paintings wanax wealth