Inequality: Classic Readings in Race, Class, and Gender

Front Cover
Westview Press
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Contents

Some Principles of Stratification
1
Some Principles of Stratification A Critical Analysis
7
Classes in Capitalism and PreCapitalism
21
Class Status Party
37
The Division of Labor in Society
55
Equality and Inequality in Modern Society or Social Stratification Revisited
65
The Power Elite
71
Jobless Poverty A New Form of Social Dislocation in the InnerCity Ghetto
87
The Immigrant Enclave Theory and Empirical Examples
161
The Unhappy Marriage of Marxism and Feminism Towards a More Progressive Union
179
Labor Markets as Queues A Structural Approach to Changing Occupational Sex Composition
191
Sponsored and Contest Mobility and the School System
207
The Process of Stratification
217
The Educational and Early Occupational Attainment Process
237
Cultural Reproduction and Social Reproduction
257
The Theory of the Leisure Class
273

American Apartheid Segregation and the Making of the Underclass
103
A Theory of Ethnic Antagonism The Split Labor Market
119
The Declining Significance of Race Blacks and Changing American Institutions
141
Distinction A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste
287
Index
319
Copyright

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Page 21 - The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a revolutionary re-constitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes.
Page 23 - The executive of the modern State is but a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie.
Page 22 - In the earlier epochs of history, we find almost everywhere a complicated arrangement of society into various orders, a manifold gradation of social rank. In ancient Rome we have patricians, knights, plebeians, slaves; in the Middle Ages, feudal lords, vassals, guild-masters, journeymen, apprentices, serfs; in almost all of these classes, again, subordinate gradations.
Page 27 - The lower strata of the middle class the small tradespeople, shopkeepers, and retired tradesmen generally, the handicraftsmen and peasants all these sink gradually into the proletariat...
Page 34 - The small-holding peasants form a vast mass, the members of which live in similar conditions, but without entering into manifold relations with one another. Their mode of production isolates them from one another, instead of bringing them into mutual intercourse.
Page 24 - The bourgeoisie cannot exist without constantly revolutionising the instruments of production, and thereby the relations of production, and with them the whole relations of society. Conservation of the old modes of production in unaltered form, was, on the contrary, the first condition of existence for all earlier industrial classes. Constant revolutionising of production, uninterrupted disturbance of all social conditions, everlasting uncertainty and agitation distinguish the bourgeois epoch from...
Page 25 - The bourgeoisie, during its rule of scarce one hundred years, has created more massive and more colossal productive forces, than have all preceding generations together. Subjection of nature's forces to man, machinery, application of chemistry to industry and agriculture, steam-navigation, railways, electric telegraphs, clearing of whole continents for cultivation, canalisation of rivers, whole populations conjured out of the ground what earlier century had even a presentiment that such productive...
Page 23 - third estate" of the monarchy, as in France); afterwards, in the period of manufacture proper, serving either the semi-feudal or the absolute monarchy as a counterpoise against the nobility, and in fact...
Page 23 - Apes, which Reactionists so much admire, found its fitting complement in the most slothful indolence. It has been the first to show what man's activity can bring about. It has accomplished wonders far surpassing Egyptian pyramids. Roman aqueducts, and Gothic cathedrals; it has conducted expeditions...
Page 32 - Commune" was the name taken, in France, by the nascent towns even before they had conquered from their feudal lords and masters, local self-government and political rights as "the Third Estate.

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