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Class Status Party
The Division of Labor in Society
Equality and Inequality in Modern Society or Social Stratification Revisited
The Power Elite
Jobless Poverty A New Form of Social Dislocation in the InnerCity Ghetto
The Immigrant Enclave Theory and Empirical Examples
The Unhappy Marriage of Marxism and Feminism Towards a More Progressive Union
Labor Markets as Queues A Structural Approach to Changing Occupational Sex Composition
Sponsored and Contest Mobility and the School System
The Process of Stratification
The Educational and Early Occupational Attainment Process
Cultural Reproduction and Social Reproduction
The Theory of the Leisure Class
American Apartheid Segregation and the Making of the Underclass
A Theory of Ethnic Antagonism The Split Labor Market
The Declining Significance of Race Blacks and Changing American Institutions
Distinction A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste
action American antagonism Apartheid aspiration become Beta Coefficients bourgeois bourgeoisie capital capitalist causal cheaper labor Chicago class situation competition consumption correlation cultural differential dominant economic effect elite employers enclave ethnic example exclusion existence factors feminization function Gender ghetto hierarchy immigrants important income increased individual industrial inequality influence inner-city institutions Japanese Job Queues jobless labor aristocracy labor force labor power labor queue leisure less male workers means middle class mobility modern neighborhoods nomic norm occupational attainment organization Otis Dudley Duncan path coefficients patriarchy petite bourgeoisie political population position poverty present prestige production proletariat race relations racial racial segregation residential segregation Reskin rewards role sex segregation significant skills social classes society Sociological status groups stratification structure taste tend theory tion underclass University Press urban variables wages William Julius Wilson women York
Page 21 - The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a revolutionary re-constitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes.
Page 22 - In the earlier epochs of history, we find almost everywhere a complicated arrangement of society into various orders, a manifold gradation of social rank. In ancient Rome we have patricians, knights, plebeians, slaves; in the Middle Ages, feudal lords, vassals, guild-masters, journeymen, apprentices, serfs; in almost all of these classes, again, subordinate gradations.
Page 27 - The lower strata of the middle class — the small tradespeople, shopkeepers, and retired tradesmen generally, the handicraftsmen and peasants — all these sink gradually into the proletariat...
Page 34 - The small-holding peasants form a vast mass, the members of which live in similar conditions, but without entering into manifold relations with one another. Their mode of production isolates them from one another, instead of bringing them into mutual intercourse.
Page 24 - The bourgeoisie cannot exist without constantly revolutionising the instruments of production, and thereby the relations of production, and with them the whole relations of society. Conservation of the old modes of production in unaltered form, was, on the contrary, the first condition of existence for all earlier industrial classes. Constant revolutionising of production, uninterrupted disturbance of all social conditions, everlasting uncertainty and agitation distinguish the bourgeois epoch from...
Page 25 - The bourgeoisie, during its rule of scarce one hundred years, has created more massive and more colossal productive forces, than have all preceding generations together. Subjection of nature's forces to man, machinery, application of chemistry to industry and agriculture, steam-navigation, railways, electric telegraphs, clearing of whole continents for cultivation, canalisation of rivers, whole populations conjured out of the ground — what earlier century had even a presentiment that such productive...
Page 23 - third estate" of the monarchy, as in France); afterwards, in the period of manufacture proper, serving either the semi-feudal or the absolute monarchy as a counterpoise against the nobility, and in fact...
Page 23 - Apes, which Reactionists so much admire, found its fitting complement in the most slothful indolence. It has been the first to show what man's activity can bring about. It has accomplished wonders far surpassing Egyptian pyramids. Roman aqueducts, and Gothic cathedrals; it has conducted expeditions...