Polynomial Identities and Asymptotic Methods

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American Mathematical Soc., 2005 - Science - 352 pages
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One of the main objectives of this book is to show how one can combine methods of ring theory, combinatorics, and representation theory of groups with an analytical approach in order to study the polynomial identities satisfied by a given algebra. The idea of applying analytical methods to the theory of polynomial identities appeared in the early 1970s and this approach has become one of the most powerful tools of the theory. A PI-algebra is any algebra satisfying at least one nontrivial polynomial identity. This includes the polynomial rings in one or several variables, the Grassmann algebra, finite-dimensional algebras, and many other algebras that occur naturally in mathematics. The core of the book is the proof that the sequence of codimensions of any PI-algebra has integral exponential growth--the PI-exponent of the algebra. Later chapters apply these results to further subjects, such as a characterization of varieties of algebras having polynomial growth and a classification of varieties that are minimal for a given exponent. Results are extended to graded algebras and algebras with involution. The book concludes with a study of the numerical invariants and their asymptotics in the class of Lie algebras. Even in algebras that are close to being associative, the behavior of the sequences of codimensions can be wild.
  

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Contents

Polynomial Identities and PIAlgebras
1
5nRepresentations
43
Group Gradings and Group Actions
61
Codimension and Colength Growth
87
Matrix Invariants and Central Polynomials
119
The PiExponent of an Algebra
143
Polynomial Growth and Low Piexponent
165
Classifying Minimal Varieties
193
Computing the Exponent of a Polynomial
215
GIdentities and GI 5nAction
255
Superalgebras Algebras and Codimension Growth
283
Lie Algebras and Nonassociative Algebras
307
Appendix A The GeneralizedSixSquare Theorem
333
Bibliography
341
Index
349
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