Semantics : Primes and Universals: Primes and Universals

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Oxford University Press, Mar 28, 1996 - 512 pages
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This book provides a synthesis of Wierzbicka's theory of meaning, which is based on conceptual primitives and semantic universals, using empirical findings from a wide range of languages. While addressed primarily to linguists, the book deals with highly topical and controversial issues of central importance to several disciplines, including anthropology, psychology, and philosophy. - ;Conceptual primitives and semantic universals are the cornerstones of a semantic theory which Anna Wierzbicka has been developing for many years. Semantics: Primes and Universals is a major synthesis of her work, presenting a full and systematic exposition of that theory in a non-technical and readable way. It delineates a full set of universal concepts, as they have emerged from large-scale investigations across a wide range of languages undertaken by the author and her colleagues. On the basis of empirical cross-linguistic studies it vindicates the old notion of the 'psychic unity of mankind', while at the same time offering a framework for the rigorous description of different languages and cultures. - ;A major synthesis of Anna Wierzbicka's work -
  

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Ground-breaking book. A milestone in linguistic semantics.

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Contents

Introduction
3
What are the Uses of Theoretical Lexicography? Dictionaries 14 19923 4478
6
A Survey of Semantic Primitives
35
FAR and NEAR SIDE INSIDE HERE
89
A LONG TIME A SHORT TIME NOW
97
Semantic Rules Know no Exceptions Studies in Language 152 1991 37198
98
IF WOULD CAN MAYBE
101
WORD
107
Green gwyrdd Welsh latuy Hanunoo
306
Blue niebieski Polish goluboj and sinij Russian aoi Japanese andda Thai
309
Red and Yellow
314
Macrowhite and Macroblack
318
Macrored and Grue
322
Names of Mixed Colours
325
Brown
327
Names of Specific Locally Salient Referents
329

Opposites and Converses
108
Conclusion
110
The Syntax of Universal Semantic Primitives
112
Preliminary Discussion
113
YOU I SOMEONE PEOPLE SOMETHING
114
THINK KNOW WANT FEEL SEE
115
HEAR
119
SAY
120
DO HAPPEN MOVE
122
BE THERE ISARE and LIVE
124
THIS THE SAME OTHER ONE TWO MANY MUCH SOME ALL
126
MORE
129
GOOD and BAD
130
BIG and SMALL
131
WHERE FAR NEAR UNDER ABOVE SIDE INSIDE HERE
133
BECAUSE IF IF WOULD
137
NOT and MAYBE
139
Metapredicate CAN
140
VERY
141
LIKE
143
General Discussion
144
Prototypes and Invariants
148
Some Illustrations
149
Some Illustrations
160
Conclusion
167
Semantic Primitives and Semantic Fields
170
A Semantic Basis for Grammatical Typology In Werner Abraham Talmy Givon
179
Semantics and Primitive Thought
184
Semantic Complexity and the Role of Ostension in
211
Against Against Definitions
237
Semantics and Lexicography
258
Saying Something that is not True
260
Saying Something that is Superfluous
261
Confusing Meaning with Knowledge
262
Definitions which are too Broad
263
Capturing the Invariant
264
Standing Firmly on the Ground of Discreteness
267
Distinguishing Polysemy from Vagueness
270
Avoiding Circularity
274
Relying on Indefinables
278
Using Simple Language
282
Exploring New Models of Definition
283
Conclusion
286
The Meaning of Colour Terms and the Universals of Seeing
287
Meaning and Scientific Knowledge
290
Meaning and Colour Charts
294
Meaning and Psychological Reality
297
Colour Terms as Quotations
298
Black and White Dark and Light
301
Chromatology Cognition and Culture
330
The Semantics of Natural Kinds
335
Abstract Concepts and Concrete Concepts
337
Scientific Knowledge versus Everyday Knowledge
338
Folk Mice versus Scientific Mice
340
The Evidence for the Folk Concept
344
General Discussion
347
Conclusion
349
Semantics and Ethnobiology
351
Tools and Methods
353
Types of Linguistic Evidence
355
Life Forms in English Folk Zoology
358
Are there Monogeneric Life Forms?
360
Life Forms in English Folk Botany
361
Polytypic Genera
365
Gestalts and Distinctive Features
366
Hidden Natures and Proper Names
367
Similar or Radically Different?
370
Conclusion
374
THE SEMANTICS OF GRAMMAR
377
Semantic Rules in Grammar
379
The Past Practice
381
Dual Nouns and Absolute Predictiveness
383
Evidence for Different Conceptualizations
386
The Mystery of Scales
387
Predictiveness and Different Languages
390
Different Cultures Different Conceptualizations
395
The Semantics of Gender
397
The Unconscious Character of Semantic Rules
399
Conclusion
400
Transitivity and Reflexives
402
The Uniqueness of Grammatical and Semantic Systems
404
Typology and Semantics
407
Reflexive Constructions
409
Transitive Constructions
420
Conclusion
425
The Semantics of Evidentials
427
Kashaya
428
Quechua
434
Wintu
439
Maricopa
446
Bulgarian and Macedonian
451
Conclusion
456
A Summary of the Formulae
457
References
459
The Meaning of Evidentials in a Crosslinguistic
463
Index
488
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Semantics
John I. Saeed
No preview available - 2003
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JSTOR: Semantics: Primes and Universals
Semantics: Primes and universals. By ANNA WIERZBICKA. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press. 1996. Pp. xii, 500. $105.00. Reviewed by BERT PEETERS, ...
links.jstor.org/ sici?sici=0097-8507(199803)74%3A1%3C180%3ASPAU%3E2.0.CO%3B2-9

Linguistics Arts Faculty Staff: Anna Wierzbicka
Semantics, Primes and Universals. (Oxford: OUP). 1996b. Understanding Cultures through their Key Words. (Oxford: OUP). ...
arts.anu.edu.au/ linguistics/ arts_fac/ staff/ wierzbicka.html

Review Article
Semantics: Primes and Universals. Anna Wierzbicka. New York: Oxford .... Semantics: Primes and Universals discusses each of the primes as of 19%.It ...
www.blackwell-synergy.com/ doi/ pdf/ 10.1525/ jlin.2000.10.2.279

LINGUIST List 18.365: Pragmatics: Goddard (2006)
Wierzbicka, Anna (1996) Semantics: Primes and Universals. Oxford: Oxford University Press. EDITOR: Goddard, Cliff TITLE: Ethnopragmatics ...
www.linguistlist.org/ issues/ 18/ 18-365.html

Journal of Pragmatics : The ethnopragmatics and semantics of ...
Semantics: Primes and Universals. Oxford University Press, Oxford. Wierzbicka, Anna, 1996. Japanese cultural scripts: cultural psychology and ‘cultural ...
linkinghub.elsevier.com/ retrieve/ pii/ S0378216604000232

REDUCTIVE PARAPHRASE AND MEANING: A CRITIQUE OF WIERZBICKIAN ...
Semantics. Primes and Universals, Oxford University Press, Oxford). NSM is criti-. cized for attaching excessive importance to explanatory definition, ...
www.springerlink.com/ index/ EU161G056341418U.pdf

'Happiness' in Cross-Linguistic & Cross-Cultural Perspective
She is the author of numerous books, including "Cross-Cultural Pragmatics" (1991), "Semantics: Primes and Universals" (1996), "Emotions Across
www.questia.com/ PM.qst?a=o& se=gglsc& d=5007154063

anthrosource
Understanding Cultures through Their Key Words: English, Russian, Polish, German, and Japanese and Semantics: Primes and Universals ...
www.anthrosource.net/ toc/ jlin/ 2000/ 10/ 2

Semantische Primitiva nach Anna Wierzbicka
Semantics. Primes and Universals. Oxford University Press, Oxford / New York .... Semantics. Primes and Universals. Oxford University Press, Oxford / New ...
content.grin.com/ data/ 4/ 53011.pdf

Why the notion of lexical template?
Wierzbicka, A. (1992): Semantics, Primes and Universals. New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press. Wierzbicka, A. (1996): Semantics: Primes and Universals ...
www.uv.es/ anglogermanica/ 2002-1/ mairal.htm

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