Design and Optimization of Thermal Systems, Second Edition (Google eBook)

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CRC Press, Dec 10, 2007 - Science - 752 pages
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Thermal systems play an increasingly symbiotic role alongside mechanical systems in varied applications spanning materials processing, energy conversion, pollution, aerospace, and automobiles. Responding to the need for a flexible, yet systematic approach to designing thermal systems across such diverse fields, Design and Optimization of Thermal Systems, Second Edition provides hands-on guidance needed to solve practical and progressively complex design problems.

This bookoffers a thorough examination of basic concepts and procedures for conceptual design, formulation, modeling, simulation, feasible design, and optimization. The chapters encompass traditional as well as emerging techniques, featuring timely and compelling examples to demonstrate the range of potential problems and available solutions that readers may apply to their own needs.

Maintaining its emphasis on mathematical modeling and simulation techniques, this revised edition offers extended coverage on manufacturability, material selection, and sensitivity. It includes new material on genetic and gradient search methods and highlights significant trends such as knowledge-based design methodology. This edition also updates and enhances its coverage of important economic, safety, security, and environmental aspects and considerations.

  

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nice and handy book for thermal systems designers

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Contents

642 PRESENT WORTH OF UNIFORM SERIES OF AMOUNTS
397
643 CONTINUOUS COMPOUNDING IN A SERIES OF AMOUNTS
399
644 CHANGING AMOUNTS IN SERIES OF PAYMENTS
400
645 SHIFT IN TIME
402
646 DIFFERENT FREQUENCIES
403
65 RAISING CAPITAL
405
651 BONDS
406
652 STOCKS
408

125 RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
15
126 NEED FOR OPTIMIZATION
16
127 FABRICATION TESTING AND PRODUCTION
18
13 THERMAL SYSTEMS
19
132 ANALYSIS
22
133 TYPES AND EXAMPLES
25
14 OUTLINE AND SCOPE OF THE BOOK
40
15 SUMMARY
43
REFERENCES
44
2 Basic Considerations in Design
47
212 GIVEN QUANTITIES
50
213 DESIGN VARIABLES
51
214 CONSTRAINTS OR LIMITATIONS
53
215 ADDITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS
55
22 CONCEPTUAL DESIGN
58
222 SELECTION FROM AVAILABLE CONCEPTS
62
223 MODIFICATIONS IN THE DESIGN OF EXISTING SYSTEMS
64
23 STEPS IN THE DESIGN PROCESS
70
231 PHYSICAL SYSTEM
72
232 MODELING
75
233 SIMULATION
76
ACCEPTABLE DESIGN
81
235 OPTIMAL DESIGN
83
236 SAFETY FEATURES AUTOMATION AND CONTROL
86
237 COMMUNICATING THE DESIGN
90
238 PATENTS AND COPYRIGHTS
92
24 COMPUTERAIDED DESIGN
97
242 COMPUTERAIDED DESIGNS OF THERMAL SYSTEMS
98
25 MATERIAL SELECTION
104
252 MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR THERMAL SYSTEMS
108
253 SELECTION AND SUBSTITUTION OF MATERIALS
110
26 SUMMARY
113
REFERENCES
115
PROBLEMS
116
3 Modeling of Thermal Systems
125
32 TYPES OF MODELS
128
321 ANALOG MODELS
129
322 MATHEMATICAL MODELS
130
324 NUMERICAL MODELS
131
325 INTERACTION BETWEEN MODELS
133
33 MATHEMATICAL MODELING
134
332 FINAL MODEL AND VALIDATION
160
34 PHYSICAL MODELING AND DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS
165
341 DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS
166
342 MODELING AND SIMILITUDE
176
343 OVERALL PHYSICAL MODEL
180
351 EXACT FIT
181
352 BEST FIT
183
36 SUMMARY
194
REFERENCES
196
PROBLEMS
197
4 Numerical Modeling and Simulation
207
41 NUMERICAL MODELING
208
412 DEVELOPMENT OF A NUMERICAL MODEL
210
413 AVAILABLE SOFTWARE
211
42 SOLUTION PROCEDURES
212
421 LINEAR ALGEBRAIC SYSTEM
213
422 NONLINEAR ALGEBRAIC SYSTEM
220
423 ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
227
424 PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
238
43 NUMERICAL MODEL FOR A SYSTEM
247
431 MODELING OF INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS
248
432 MERGING OF DIFFERENT MODELS
251
433 ACCURACY AND VALIDATION
252
44 SYSTEM SIMULATION
253
441 IMPORTANCE OF SIMLUATION
254
442 DIFFERENT CLASSES
256
443 FLOW OF INFORMATION
259
45 METHODS FOR NUMERICAL SIMULATION
264
452 DYNAMIC SIMULATION OF LUMPED SYSTEMS
272
453 DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS
278
454 SIMULATION OF LARGE SYSTEMS
282
455 NUMERICAL SIMULATION VERSUS REAL SYSTEM
283
46 SUMMARY
284
REFERENCES
285
PROBLEMS
286
A Synthesis of Different Design Steps
299
52 INITIAL DESIGN
300
53 DESIGN STRATEGIES
309
533 ITERATIVE REDESIGN PROCEDURE
317
54 DESIGN OF SYSTEMS FROM DIFFERENT APPLICATION AREAS
322
541 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES
323
542 COOLING OF ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
329
543 ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS
336
544 HEAT TRANSFER EQUIPMENT
342
545 FLUID FLOW SYSTEMS
350
546 OTHER AREAS
361
55 ADDITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR LARGE PRACTICAL SYSTEMS
362
56 SUMMARY
373
REFERENCES
374
PROBLEMS
375
6 Economic Considerations
383
62 CALCULATION OF INTEREST
385
623 CONTINUOUS COMPOUNDING
387
624 EFFECTIVE INTEREST RATE
388
63 WORTH OF MONEY AS A FUNCTION OF TIME
390
632 FUTURE WORTH
391
633 INFLATION
393
64 SERIES OF PAYMENTS
396
661 INCLUSION OF TAXES
409
662 DEPRECATION
410
67 ECONOMIC FACTOR IN DESIGN
413
672 RATE OF RETURN
417
68 APPLICATION TO THERMAL SYSTEMS
419
69 SUMMARY
421
PROBLEMS
422
Problem Formulation for Optimization
429
712 FINAL OPTIMIZED DESIGN
431
72 BASIC CONCEPTS
432
722 CONSTRAINTS
434
723 OPERATING CONDITIONS VERSUS HARDWARE
437
724 MATHEMATICAL FORMULATION
438
73 OPTIMIZATION METHODS
440
732 SEARCH METHODS
441
733 LINEAR AND DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING
442
734 GEOMETRIC PROGRAMMING
444
74 OPTIMIZATION OF THERMAL SYSTEMS
447
742 DIFFERENT APPORACHES
448
743 DIFFERENT TYPES OF THERMAL SYSTEMS
449
744 EXAMPLES
451
745 CONSIDERATION OF THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
455
75 PRACTICAL ASPECTS IN OPTIMAL DESIGN
457
752 SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS
459
TRADEOFFS
461
754 MULTIOBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION
462
755 PART OF OVERALL DESIGN STRATEGY
464
756 CHANGE OF CONCEPT OR MODEL
465
76 SUMMARY
466
REFERENCES
467
PROBLEMS
468
8 Lagrange Multipliers
473
82 THE LAGRANGE MULTIPLIER METHOD
475
822 PHYSICAL INTERPRETATION
477
823 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE MULTIPLIERS
485
83 OPTIMIZATION OF UNCONSTRAINED PROBLEMS
486
831 USE OF GRADIENTS FOR OPTIMIZATION
487
833 CONVERSION OF CONSTRAINED TO UNCONSTRAINED PROBLEM
489
84 OPTIMIZATION OF CONSTRAINED PROBLEMS
491
85 APPLICABILITY TO THERMAL SYSTEMS
494
852 EXAMPLES
495
853 INEQUALITY CONSTRAINTS
499
854 SOME PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
500
855 COMPUTATIONAL APPROACH
501
86 SUMMARY
503
REFERENCES
504
PROBLEMS
505
9 Search Methods
511
911 IMPORTANCE OF SEARCH METHODS
512
912 TYPES OF APPROACHES
513
913 APPLICATION TO THERMAL SYSTEMS
514
92 SINGLEVARIABLE PROBLEM
515
921 UNIFORM EXHAUSTIVE SEARCH
517
922 DICHOTOMOUS SEARCH
519
923 FIBONACCI SEARCH
521
924 GOLDEN SECTION AND OTHER METHODS
523
925 COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT ELIMINATION METHODS
524
93 UNCONSTRAINED SEARCH WITHIN MULTIPLE VARIABLES
527
931 LATTICE SEARCH
529
932 UNIVARIATE SEARCH
530
933 STEEPEST ASCENTDESCENT METHOD
532
94 MULTIVARIABLE CONSTRAINED OPTIMIZATION
537
942 SEARCH ALONG A CONSTRAINT
542
95 EXAMPLES OF THERMAL SYSTEMS
547
96 SUMMARY
551
REFERENCES
553
PROBLEMS
554
10 Geometric Linear and Dynamic Programming and Other Methods for Optimization
559
1011 APPLICABILITY
560
1012 UNCONSTRAINED OPTIMIZATION
561
1013 MATHEMATICAL PROOF
570
1014 CONSTRAINED OPTIMIZATION
573
1015 NONZERO DEGREE OF DIFFICULTY
578
102 LINEAR PROGRAMMING
579
103 DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING
588
104 OTHER METHODS
590
105 SUMMARY
591
REFERENCES
592
PROBLEMS
593
11 KnowledgeBased Design and Additional Considerations
599
1111 INTRODUCTION
600
1112 BASIC COMPONENTS
602
1113 EXPERT KNOWLEDGE
607
1114 DESIGN METHODOLOGY
609
1115 APPLICATION TO THERMAL SYSTEMS
610
112 ADDITIONAL CONSTRAINTS
621
113 PROFESSIONAL ETHICS
623
114 SOURCES OF INFORMATION
625
115 AN OVERVIEW OF DESIGN OF THERMAL SYSTEMS
628
116 SUMMARY
631
REFERENCES
632
PROBLEMS
633
DESIGN PROJECTS
635
Computer Programs
639
Material Properties
659
Interest Tables
679
Heat Transfer Correlations
687
Index
697
Copyright

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