Environmental Change: Key Issues and Alternative Perspectives
Environmental Change: Key Issues and Alternative Approaches describes and explains the significance of past and contemporary environmental and climatic change. It outlines the conceptual framework for studies of environmental change by posing key questions and presenting the results of relevant research. It provides a non-specialist introduction to models in environmental change research and to the study of past environmental changes. Covering the last 400 000 years, special emphasis is placed on past periods of rapid warming, the nature of climatic variability over the last 1000 years and the dramatic and accelerating changes in the Earth system heralded by the industrial revolution. The book is extensively referenced and illustrated. This book provides a balanced, non-specialist basis for understanding and exploring the scientific issues underlying global change for advanced undergraduates in geography, environmental, earth, biological and ecological sciences.
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Defining and exploring the key questions
An introduction to models and modelling
approaches timeframes and chronology
archives proxies and calibration
Glacial and interglacial worlds
The transition from the last glacial maximum to the Holocene
The Anthropocene a changing atmosphere
The Anthropocene changing land
changing aquatic environments
aerosols American Geophysical Union Antarctica anthropogenic areas biodiversity Bradley calibration carbon chronology climate change Climate Dynamics climate models climate variability complex coral cycle decades deglaciation drought Earth system ecosystems effects emission scenarios ENSO environmental change estimates etal evidence example feedbacks Figure fluxes forcing forest future climate change Geophysical Research Letters Global Change global climate models global warming greenhouse gases Greenland Holocene human activities hydrological ice cores ice sheet ice volume impacts increase inferred interactions interglacial involved IPCC isotope lake last glacial maximum latitudes linked major marine methane model simulations Modified monsoon natural Nino North Atlantic northern hemisphere observations oscillations ozone past period precipitation present day processes projections radiative forcing range recent reconstructions regional response result role sediments sequence significant solar variability spatial species speleothem SSTs studies surface temperature changes timescales trends tropical twentieth century uncertainties values variations Vostok Younger Dryas