White Fears and Fantasies: Writing the Nation in Post-abolition Brazil and Cuba
ProQuest, 2008 - 224 pages
This dissertation discusses the literary representations of Afro-descendants in mid- to late-nineteenth century Cuba and Brazil, and how these representations impacted the development of the national narratives and mapped out the future social terrain for blacks and whites in both countries. This work evaluates Doris Sommer's assertion that novels can serve as attempts to consolidate national identity, and that they help bind disparate groups in the formation of new nations. I use her model of "Foundational Fictions" to analyze the development of the national narratives in Cuba and Brazil, two nations with deeply-rooted histories of slavery, large slave populations, and late abolition of slavery. Novels by Cirilo Villaverde and Aluisio Azevedo were chosen as representative examples because of the dominant roles that Afro-Cubans and Afro-Brazilian play in their narratives. If literary unions symbolized unions between antagonistic social cadres, erasing social distinctions, then testing the model's ability would be most useful in nations with large Afro-descent populations; the results of the analysis were negative. All unions between whites and Afro-descendants delineated in the novels were marked with tragedy and death, resulting in failures I call "Foundering Fictions." These novels accentuated differences between Afro-descendants and whites and ideologically informed the nascent social institutions of the new republics. Therein, they served to attenuate the oppression of Afro-descendants in both countries.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
abolition African Afro Afro-American Afro-Brazilian Afro-Cuban Aluísio Azevedo Amâncio Ana Rosa Anglo-German argues articulated Azevedo Bertoleza biography black and mulatto black slaves Bourdieu Brazil Brazil and Cuba Brazilian Cándido Gamboa Casa de pensão Cecilia Valdés Charo color concept corpus texts cortiço Crioulo Cuba Cuba and Brazil Cuban cultural delegitimization depicted determine race dominant Don Liborio economic enslavement esclavo European fact fear Gilberto Freyre historical hybrid idea implies inferior interracial Isabel Jerónimo José justify Latin American Leonardo literary marry miscegenation mixed-race moral mulatto characters mulatto class mulatto nation narrative nature negros nineteenth-century Noble Savage novel Pancho perceived plantation population portrayed Portuguese raça race race thinking racial Raimundo raza reader reality refers relationship represents Rita Baiana role Roman Saco sexual slave slave owners slavery social society Sofla Spanish stereotypes suggests symbolic capital term tragic mulatto Villaverde Villaverde’s Vueltabajo white elite white immigration whitening program women