The lithosphere: geochemistry, geology and geophysics
The lithosphere is the outer solid part of the earth, including the crust and uppermost mantle. The lithosphere is about 100 km thick, although its thickness is age dependent (older lithosphere is thicker).The lithosphere below the crust is brittle enough at some locations to produce earthquakes by faulting, such as within a subducted oceanic plate. This book presents leading research in the field from around the globe.
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The Early Earth and Formation of the Lithosphere
Continental and Oceanic Lithosphere Structure
The Fate of Subducted Oceanic Crust
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Aegean Archean asthenosphere atmosphere attenuation average basalts basin beneath boundary carbon chemical China compositions continental crustal deformation density depth Deuteronilus shoreline difﬁcult distribution ductile Earth Planet Earth’s surface earthquake eclogite elevation evolution fault ﬁeld Figure ﬁrst arrivals ﬂuid inclusions formation Geol Geology Geophys Geophysical geothermal granulite helium heterogeneity initial volatiles intraplate volcanism inversion isostasy isotope kimberlites km/s komatiites layer Lett lherzolite lithosphere lower lithosphere magma ocean magnetic ﬁeld mantle structure mantle xenoliths melting metamorphic metasomatic MORB NKTZ observed oceanic crust ofthe olivine ophiolitic Paciﬁc paleoshoreline parameters Pavlenkova peridotite plastic-ﬂow belts plastic-ﬂow network plate plate tectonics plume Precambrian pressure proﬁle Proterozoic pyroxenites ratios reﬂections region ridge rocks S-wave samples SCLM seismic Siberian Craton signiﬁcant slab subducted tectonic temperature thermal thickness topography upper mantle uppermost mantle values variations velocity model Vp/Vs Wang Water xenoliths Zhang zone