Englishmen Transplanted: The English Colonization of Barbados, 1627-1660
Larry Gragg challenges the prevailing view of the seventeenth-century English planters of Barbados as architects of a social disaster. Most historians have described them as profligate and immoral, as grasping capitalists who exploited their servants and slaves in a quest for quick riches in the cultivation of sugar. Yet, they were more than rapacious entrepreneurs. Like English emigrants to other regions in the empire, sugar planters transplanted many familiar governmental and legal institutions, eagerly started families, abided traditional views about the social order, and resisted compromises in their diet, apparel, and housing, despite their tropical setting. Seldom becoming absentee planters, these Englishmen developed an extraordinary attraction to Barbados, where they saw themselves, as one group of planters explained in a petition, as 'being Englishmen transplanted'.
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Establishing a Colony 16251660
Making Money in the English Atlantic Economy
acres America Andrew White Antoine Biet appointed Arawaks Archibald Hay arrived Assembly Atlantic Ayscue Barbadian Barbados planters Beckles Bridgetown Briefe Relation Bristol British Cambridge Campbell Caribbean Charles Church colonies cotton Council Minutes Court Courteen crop cultivation Daniel Searle Davis Papers decade Dutch Earl of Carlisle Early Barbadian History Early Barbados England English settlers Englishmen Envelope Exact History Father Andrew White George governor Hay Papers Henry Hawley Henry Winthrop History of Barbados Holdip Huncks Ibid indentured servants island James Hay JBMHS John Winthrop Journal labour land later Lord masters Memoirs migrated militia Modyford parish Parliament peace Peter Hay Philip Bell plantation Powell Puckrein purchase Quaker Richard Ligon Roundheads royalist settlement seventeenth century ships Sir Edmund Verney Sir Henry Colt slave trade Slavery Society Spoeri Sugar and Slaves Thomas Modyford Thomas Verney Thurloe tobacco True Tufton Uchteritz Vemey vestry visitors West Indies William Powrey Willoughby Winthrop Papers Wolverston