Hydrology and Water Resources of Africa, Volume 1

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 30, 2002 - Nature - 659 pages
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Africa, the cradle of many old civilizations, is the second largest world continent, and the homeland of nearly one-eighth of the world population. Despite Africa’s richness in natural resources, the average income per person, after excluding a few countries, is the lowest all over the world, and the percentage of inhabitants infected with contagious diseases is the highest. Development of Africa to help accommodate the ever-increasing population and secure a reasonable living standard to all inhabitants, though an enormous challenge is extremely necessary. Water is the artery of life, without it all living creatures on earth cannot survive. As such, a thorough knowledge of the meteorological and hydrological processes influencing the yield and quality of the water resources, surface and subsurface, and their distribution and variability in time and space is unavoidable for the overall development of any part of the world. It is highly probable that the said knowledge is at present a top priority to Africa, a continent that has been for so long-and probably still-devastated by the endless ambitions of colonial powers not to forget the corruption and destruction practiced by the internal powers, at least in some countries. The present book “Hydrology and Water Resources of Africa” is written with the aim of bringing together in one volume a fair amount of knowledge any professional involved in hydrology and water resources of Africa needs to know.
  

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Contents

V
xxi
VII
4
VIII
9
IX
16
X
17
XI
23
XII
26
XIV
27
CXXX
357
CXXXI
358
CXXXIII
361
CXXXIV
366
CXXXV
369
CXXXVI
370
CXXXVII
372
CXXXVIII
375

XV
52
XVI
55
XVII
63
XVIII
64
XIX
80
XX
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XXI
86
XXIII
91
XXIV
93
XXV
96
XXVI
102
XXVII
111
XXIX
113
XXXIV
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XXXV
120
XXXVII
122
XXXVIII
124
XXXIX
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XL
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XLI
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XLIII
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XLIV
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XLV
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XLVI
137
XLVII
140
XLVIII
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XLIX
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L
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LI
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LII
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LIII
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LIV
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LV
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LVIII
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LIX
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LX
160
LXI
162
LXII
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LXIII
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LXIV
167
LXV
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LXVI
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LXVIII
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LXIX
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LXX
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LXXI
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LXXII
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LXXIII
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LXXIV
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LXXVI
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LXXVII
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LXXVIII
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LXXIX
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LXXXI
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LXXXII
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LXXXIII
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LXXXV
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LXXXVI
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LXXXVIII
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LXXXIX
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XC
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XCI
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XCII
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XCIII
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XCIV
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XCV
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XCVI
241
XCVII
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XCVIII
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XCIX
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C
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CI
261
CII
264
CIII
266
CV
267
CVI
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CVII
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CVIII
270
CIX
279
CX
292
CXI
297
CXII
301
CXIV
307
CXV
309
CXVI
314
CXVII
318
CXVIII
320
CXX
324
CXXI
329
CXXII
333
CXXIV
337
CXXV
344
CXXVI
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CXXVII
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CXXIX
351
CXLII
378
CXLIII
384
CXLIV
386
CXLV
387
CXLVII
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CXLVIII
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CXLIX
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CL
397
CLI
398
CLII
400
CLIV
401
CLV
403
CLVII
405
CLVIII
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CLIX
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CLXI
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CLXII
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CLXIII
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CLXV
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CLXVI
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CLXVII
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CLXIX
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CLXX
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CLXXI
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CLXXII
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CLXXIII
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CLXXIV
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CLXXV
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CLXXVII
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CLXXVIII
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CLXXIX
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CLXXX
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CLXXXI
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CLXXXII
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CLXXXIV
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CLXXXV
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CLXXXVI
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CLXXXVII
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CLXXXIX
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CXC
492
CXCI
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CXCII
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CXCIII
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CXCIV
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CXCV
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CXCVI
501
CXCVII
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CXCVIII
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CC
509
CCII
511
CCIII
512
CCIV
513
CCV
515
CCVI
516
CCVII
518
CCVIII
519
CCX
520
CCXIII
527
CCXIV
540
CCXV
541
CCXVI
544
CCXVII
554
CCXIX
555
CCXX
563
CCXXI
566
CCXXII
568
CCXXIV
569
CCXXV
570
CCXXVII
571
CCXXVIII
572
CCXXIX
574
CCXXX
575
CCXXXI
577
CCXXXII
581
CCXXXIV
582
CCXXXV
584
CCXXXVI
586
CCXXXVII
589
CCXXXVIII
591
CCXXXIX
592
CCXL
593
CCXLII
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CCXLIV
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CCXLV
596
CCXLVI
597
CCXLVIII
601
CCXLIX
627
CCL
629
CCLI
631
CCLII
632
CCLIII
633
CCLV
634
CCLVI
637
CCLVII
643
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Page xi - And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia. And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria, And the fourth river is Euphrates.
Page xi - Falls watching the waters and revolving plans to harness them : ' so much power running to waste, such a coign of vantage unoccupied, such a lever to control the natural forces of Africa ungripped, cannot but vex and stimulate imagination. . . . And what fun to make the immemorial Nile begin its journey by diving through a turbine.
Page xi - ... called the continent Libya and the Romans to have called it Africa, perhaps from the Latin aprica ("sunny"), or the Greek aphrike ("without cold"). The name Africa, however, was chiefly applied to the northern coast of the continent, which was, in effect, regarded as a southern extension of Europe. The Romans, who for a time ruled the North African coast, are also said to have called the area south of their settlements Afriga, or the Land of the Afrigs — the name of a Berber community south...

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