Modern Egypt: The Formation of a Nation-state

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Westview Press, 2004 - History - 242 pages
4 Reviews
This second edition of scholar Arthur Goldschmidt presents a concise survey of Egyptian history since the mid-eighteenth century. It focuses on Egypt's evolution as a nation-state, dispelling common misconceptions about Egypt's modern history. Professor Goldschmidt calls upon recent Egyptian and Western scholarship to document pivotal points, such as the 1952 revolution, and to illuminate controversies, such as those surrounding Sadat's role in the 1973 war with Israel. Modern Egypt is anecdotal as well as authoritative, covering social history, religion, politics, economics, military history, geography, and even the psychology of selected leaders. Faruq's impotence, Nasir's paranoia, and Sadat's glamour are all presented as they relate to policy motivations and outcomes. Modern Egypt paves the way to a clear understanding of events leading up to the Camp David accords of 1978 and then points beyond them to the emergent Muslim opposition, Sadat's assassination, and Mubarak's regime.This book is directed to students, journalists, diplomats, foreign visitors and long-term residents, and businesspeople who need to be familiar with Egypt, its role in Middle East affairs, and its involvement with the nations of the world."
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Napoleon and Mehmet Ali
15
The Rise of Western Influence
29
The British Occupation
41
Nationalist Resistance
53
Egypts Ambiguous Independence
67
The Turning Point
79
The 1952 Revolution
93
The Socialist Phase
133
The Opening and the Crossing
157
Living with the Legacy of the Revolution
185
Glossary
201
Biographical Register
211
Bibliographic Essay
217
About the Author
229
Index
231

The Revolution Matures
109

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Page 70 - under the Protectorate, will be best calculated to "promote its peace and prosperity, the progressive de"velopment of self-governing institutions, and the "protection of foreign interests.
Page 133 - And when the political leaders find it necessary or opportune' to change course, their own propaganda recoils on them and they find themselves branded as turncoats and traitors. Second, because its content was merely political, propaganda has inhibited positive thought on real internal problems. No stable state can arise or endure without a basic social philosophy, accepted by the mass of its citizens, more or less consciously pursued in public life and private associations, and guaranteed by its...
Page 105 - Before July 23rd, I had imagined that the whole nation was ready and prepared, waiting for nothing but a vanguard to lead the charge against the battlements, whereupon it would fall in behind in serried ranks, ready for the sacred advance towards the great objective. And I had imagined that our role was to be this commando vanguard.
Page 68 - I am much mistaken, a career of great public usefulness lies before the present Minister of Education, Saad Zaghlul Pasha. He possesses all the qualities necessary to serve his country. He is honest, he is capable; he has the courage of his convictions; he has been abused by many of the less worthy of his own countrymen. These are high qualifications. He should go far...
Page 106 - ... grievances calling for redress, this motive would have been understandable and logical. But most of the cases referred to us were no more or less than demands for revenge, as though the revolution had taken place in order to become a weapon in the hand of hatred and vindictiveness. The Evils of Egotism If anyone had asked me in those days what I wanted most, I would have answered promptly: To hear an Egyptian speak fairly about another Egyptian. To sense that an Egyptian has opened his heart...
Page 91 - The policy which the high contracting parties undertake to follow in the Sudan within the framework of the unity between the Sudan and Egypt under the common Crown of Egypt...
Page 186 - America, particularly since the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on 1 1 September 2001 and in the ongoing war against terrorism, we thank you.
Page 106 - If anyone had asked me in those days what I wanted most of all, I'd have answered without hesitation: to hear an Egyptian speak fairly about another Egyptian. To find an Egyptian who didn't devote his time to tearing down the views of another Egyptian.
Page 74 - The Governor-General of the Sudan and Sirdar of the Egyptian Army, who was also a distinguished officer of the British Army, has been brutally murdered in Cairo. His Majesty's Government consider that this murder, which holds up Egypt as at present governed to the contempt of civilized peoples...

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About the author (2004)

Arthur Goldschmidt Jr., is Professor Emeritus of Middle East History at Pennsylvania State University. He is (with Lawrence Davidson) the author of A Concise History of the Middle East, Eighth Edition, and is the author as well of Modern Egypt: Foundation of a Nation-State, Second Edition. He is the recipient of the Amoco Foundation Award for Outstanding Teaching and the 2000 Middle East Studies Association Mentoring Award.

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