Theories of Personality
Thoroughly updated to include the latest research references, Richard Ryckman's theory by theory approach to personality carefully guides students through major theories in a way that helps them develop a comprehensive understanding of personality. Ryckman's personal writing style presents the major theories in a straightforward way helping readers more easily distinguish between them. At the beginning of the text, Ryckman provides a framework that defines personality, and emphasizes the science of personality (including the interrelation between research and theory). Then, he introduces each major theoretical position with an objective overview of the theorist's basic concepts and principles. Ryckman concludes by noting the ways in which the different theories stimulate additional research efforts, and by presenting five current research trends that have resulted from the work of these earlier theorists. The result is a text that merges the best of classic and contemporary research in the field leaving students with a solid working knowledge of personality.
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AN INTRODUCTION TO THE DISCIPLINE
PSYCHOANALYTIC AND NEOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVES
activities Adler adolescence adults aggressive Allport American Psychological Association analysis Ansbacher anxiety assess associated Bandura basic become behavior believed biological Cattell Cattell’s child classical conditioning clients clinical cognitive concepts conflicts constructs creative cultural defensive disorders dreams environment Erikson example experiences external extraverts Eysenck factors feelings females Freud functioning genetic goals healthy Horney Horney’s human hypercompetitiveness identity individual’s individuals internal introverts investigators involves Jung Jung’s Kelly Kelly’s Kohut learning levels males Maslow ment mother motives narcissism narcissistic needs negative neurosis neuroticism neurotics one’s orientation parents patients penis envy people’s performance person’s personality psychology positive problems psychoanalysis psychology psychosexual development psychoticism punishment reinforcement relationships response result Rogers role Rotter scientific scores self-actualization self-efficacy sense sexual situations Skinner social society stimulus study participants superego techniques tend theory therapist therapy thinking tion traits types unconscious understanding values women