New Sweden in America (Google eBook)
Carol E. Hoffecker
University of Delaware Press, Jan 1, 1995 - History - 366 pages
Although it was the first permanent European settlement in the Delaware River valley, the New Sweden colony has long been ignored by American colonial historians. To right this omission, and to mark the 350th anniversary of the founding of the New Sweden colony, the University of Delaware sponsored an international conference, "New Sweden in America: Scandinavian Pioneers and Their Legacy" in March of 1988. This event brought together twenty-eight scholars from Sweden, Finland, and the United States who represented several fields, including history, anthropology, and geography. The conference papers, collected in New Sweden in America, present the first look at the New Sweden colony since the advent of modern historical methods.
The essays in this volume examine the economic and social lives of a political entity, as well as its political structures. The topics discussed include an examination of the European environment from which the colonial venture came, the colonists' relations with the Native Americans, and the Swedish and Finnish settlers' adaptation to colonial life. The essays depict seventeenth-century Sweden as it emerged from its traditional ways and isolation into the dynamic world of Western European international politics and trade, and the failed attempts to bring European mercantilist policies to New Sweden.
The fascinating stories of the trade between the Swedish and Dutch settlers and the Susquehannock and Lenni Lenape Indians, the development of pidgin languages to facilitate the trade, the devout Lutheran religious observations of the colonists, and the introduction of Finnish construction methods (especially the log cabin) are all described in this volume. To encourage further scholarship in this field, the contributors identify topics for future study and delineate where original colonial documents may be found on both sides of the Atlantic.
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The Crown of Sweden and the New Sweden Company
SwedishDutch Relations in the Delaware Valley
Scandinavian Colonists Confront the New World
Indians and Europeans in the Delaware Valley 16201655
Cultural Stability during the Early Colonial Period
The Delaware Jargon
The Lutheran Churches and Their Pastors in New Sweden 16381655
Finns in SeventeenthCentury Sweden and Their Contributions to the New Sweden Colony
The Forest Finns as Transmitters of Finnish Culture From Savo Via Central Scandinavia to Delaware
The Material Cultural Legacy of New Sweden on the American Frontier
Resources for New Sweden Studies
A Survey of Documents on the Swedish Colony in Delaware
Sources and Questions in the Study of Finnish Migration to Delaware
Summary Criticism and Comments on Future Directions in the Study of New Sweden
Acrelius Amandus Johnson Amsterdam Archives arrived Axel Oxenstierna burn-beating Campanius Christina collection colonists colony's congregations Crown culture Dahlgren Dela Delaware Indians Delaware Jargon Delaware River Delaware Valley documents Dutch early economic emigration England English ethnic European fence Finland Finn Finnish forest Forest Finns Fort Christina fur trade Gloucester County Goteborg Governor Johan Governor Printz Gustav Historical Society History Hulan huuhta Ibid Jersey Johan Printz Johan Rising Kalm land language Lenape Library Lindestrom Lutheran church maize manuscript ministers Minuit Museum National Netherland nobility North America Oxenstierna parish pastors Pehr Kalm Penns Neck Pennsylvania Peter Peter Minuit Philadelphia population Province Raccoon and Penns Riksarkivet Rising's Savo settlers seventeenth century ship soldiers Stockholm Stuyvesant Susquehannocks Swed Sweden Colony Sweden Company Swedish church Swedish Colonial Society Swedish language Swedish Lutheran Swedish Settlements Tinicum tion tobacco Unami Uppsala Varmland wampum Weslager West India Company Wicacoa York