New Sweden in America (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Carol E. Hoffecker
University of Delaware Press, Jan 1, 1995 - History - 366 pages
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Although it was the first permanent European settlement in the Delaware River valley, the New Sweden colony has long been ignored by American colonial historians. To right this omission, and to mark the 350th anniversary of the founding of the New Sweden colony, the University of Delaware sponsored an international conference, "New Sweden in America: Scandinavian Pioneers and Their Legacy" in March of 1988. This event brought together twenty-eight scholars from Sweden, Finland, and the United States who represented several fields, including history, anthropology, and geography. The conference papers, collected in New Sweden in America, present the first look at the New Sweden colony since the advent of modern historical methods.
The essays in this volume examine the economic and social lives of a political entity, as well as its political structures. The topics discussed include an examination of the European environment from which the colonial venture came, the colonists' relations with the Native Americans, and the Swedish and Finnish settlers' adaptation to colonial life. The essays depict seventeenth-century Sweden as it emerged from its traditional ways and isolation into the dynamic world of Western European international politics and trade, and the failed attempts to bring European mercantilist policies to New Sweden.
The fascinating stories of the trade between the Swedish and Dutch settlers and the Susquehannock and Lenni Lenape Indians, the development of pidgin languages to facilitate the trade, the devout Lutheran religious observations of the colonists, and the introduction of Finnish construction methods (especially the log cabin) are all described in this volume. To encourage further scholarship in this field, the contributors identify topics for future study and delineate where original colonial documents may be found on both sides of the Atlantic.
  

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Contents

Introduction
11
NationBuilding Aristocratic Culture and Social Change
25
The Crown of Sweden and the New Sweden Company
54
SwedishDutch Relations in the Delaware Valley
69
Scandinavian Colonists Confront the New World
89
Indians and Europeans in the Delaware Valley 16201655
112
Cultural Stability during the Early Colonial Period
121
The Delaware Jargon
137
The Lutheran Churches and Their Pastors in New Sweden 16381655
249
Finns in SeventeenthCentury Sweden and Their Contributions to the New Sweden Colony
279
The Forest Finns as Transmitters of Finnish Culture From Savo Via Central Scandinavia to Delaware
291
The Material Cultural Legacy of New Sweden on the American Frontier
302
Resources for New Sweden Studies
321
A Survey of Documents on the Swedish Colony in Delaware
334
Sources and Questions in the Study of Finnish Migration to Delaware
342
Summary Criticism and Comments on Future Directions in the Study of New Sweden
350

Some Comments on Early Swedish Collections from the Northeast
150
Their Geographical and Social Background
171
The New Sweden Colony and the Continued Existence of Swedish and Finnish Ethnicity
188
Swedish Settlement in New Jersey Before 1800
215
List of Contributors
358
Index
361
Copyright

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