Aché Life History: The Ecology and Demography of a Foraging People (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Transaction Publishers, 1996 - Social Science - 561 pages
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"...a magnificent achievement, and a landmark in at least three distinct fields: anthropological demography, human evolutionary ecology, and hunter-gatherer studies...." -- Evolutionary Anthropology

The Ache, whose life history the authors recounts, are a small indigenous population of hunters and gatherers living in the neotropical rainforest of eastern Paraguay. This is part exemplary ethnography of the Ache and in larger part uses this population to make a signal contribution to human evolutionary ecology.

  

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Contents

Life History and Demography
1
WHY STUDY LIFE HISTORY AND DEMOGRAPHY?
6
THE ORGANIZATION OF THIS BOOK
11
HUMAN EVOLUTIONARY ECOLOGY
12
LIFE HISTORY THEORY
18
DEMOGRAPHY AND LIFE HISTORY
32
SUMMARY
35
The Ache
41
MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE
226
OLD AGE
235
SUMMARY
237
Female Fertility PREGNANCY AND BIRTH
249
FERTILITY DURING THE FOREST PERIOD
252
COMPARISON WITH THE KUNG AND YANOMAMO
254
FERTILITY DURING THE RESERVATION PERIOD
256
SUMMARY
257

AREA OVERVIEW
42
PREHISTORY OF EASTERN PARAGUAY
43
ETHNOHISTORY
44
CURRENT SITUATION
56
MODERN ECOLOGICAL STUDIES
57
BIOLOGICAL AND GENETIC AFFINITY
58
ECOLOGY OF EASTERN PARAGUAY
60
FOREST LIFE
65
RESERVATION LIFE
73
SUMMARY
78
Study Population and Sampling Methods
83
STUDY POPULATION
84
THE SAMPLE AND METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION
85
RELIABILITY OF INTERVIEW DATA
94
SAMPLE BIAS
96
SUMMARY
100
Age and Sex Structure of the Study Population
111
DIFFICULTIES ESTIMATING AGES FOR THE ACHE
112
HOWELLS METHOD FOR ESTIMATING KUNG AGES
114
SOME PROBLEMS USING STABLE POPULATION MODELS
115
DERIVING AGE ESTIMATES FOR THE ACHE
119
AGESEX STRUCTURE OF THE NORTHERN ACHE
132
SUMMARY
134
Causes of Mortality
151
MORTAL DANGERS IN THE FOREST AND ON THE RESERVATION
152
CUSTOMS CONCERNING SICKNESS AND DEATH
155
ANALYTICAL METHODS AND CHOICE OF SAMPLE
157
CAUSES OF MORTALITY DURING THE FOREST PERIOD
158
COMPARISON WITH THE KUNG AND YANOMAMO
165
CAUSES OF DEATH DURING THE CONTACT PERIOD
166
CAUSES OF DEATH DURING THE RESERVATION PERIOD
167
SUMMARY
168
Rates of Mortality THE LIFE TABLEMORTALITY HAZARD APPROACH
179
MORTALITY PARAMETERS OF THE FORESTLIVING ACHE
183
COMPARISON WITH THE KUNG AND YANOMAMO
187
THE CONTACT PERIOD
188
THE RESERVATION PERIOD
190
SUMMARY
192
Development Marriage and Other Life Course Events CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT
219
ADOLESCENCE
223
Male Fertility PATERNITY
273
FATHERHOOD
275
FERTILITY DURING THE FOREST PERIOD
277
COMPARISON WITH THE KUNG AND YANOMAMO
279
FERTILITY DURING THE RESERVATION PERIOD
280
SUMMARY
281
Resource Availability Intrinsic Variation and Life Cycle Constraints
293
MEASURES OF INDEPENDENT VARIABLES IN LIFE HISTORY MODELS
294
INFANT AND CHILDHOOD MORTALITY
295
ADULT MORTALITY
304
VARIATION IN FEMALE FERTILITY RATE
305
VARIATION IN MALE FERTILITY RATE
316
SUMMARY
317
Body Size and the Timing of Sexual Maturity
341
ALLOMETRY DETERMINATE GROWTH AND ACHE GROWTH PATTERNS
342
OPTIMAL AGE AT FIRST REPRODUCTION
345
SUMMARY
356
Life History Tradeoffs and Phenotypic Correlations
375
THE COST OF REPRODUCTION
377
OFFSPRING NUMBER AND OFFSPRING FITNESS
380
COMPONENTS OF REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS AND INTERGENERATIONAL CORRELATIONS
385
MEN AND WOMEN WITH HIGH REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS
389
SUMMARY
391
Kin Effects on Life History
419
KIN EFFECTS ON MORTALITY
420
KIN EFFECTS ON FERTILITY
426
REPRODUCTIVE SENESCENCE
427
INFANTICIDE AND CHILD HOMICIDE
434
PATTERNS IN FEMALE MATING AND FEMALE MATE CHOICE
442
SUMMARY
445
Conclusions LIFE HISTORY OF THE ACHE AND OTHER MODERN FORAGERS
467
HUMANS AS APES
469
HUMANS AS HOMINIDS
471
APPLIED ANTHROPOLOGICAL DEMOGRAPHY
476
Implications of Stable Age Models for Deriving Kung Ages
485
Block Rankings of Relative Age
491
Five Genealogies with Multiple Generations
501
References
529
Index
553
Copyright

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Page 532 - Bellows, RA and RE Short. 1978. Effects of precalving feed level on birth weight, calving difficulty and subsequent fertility. J. Anim. Sci. 46:1522.

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