Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain

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G.P. Putnam, 1994 - Philosophy - 312 pages
76 Reviews
"Although I cannot tell for certain what sparked my interest in the neural underpinnings of reason, I do know when I became convinced that the traditional views on the nature of rationality could not be correct." Thus begins a book that takes the reader on a journey of discovery, from the story of Phineas Gage, the famous nineteenth-century case of behavioral change that followed brain damage, to the contemporary recreation of Gage's brain; and from the doubts of a young neurologist to a testable hypothesis concerning the emotions and their fundamental role in rational human behavior.
Drawing on his experiences with neurological patients affected by brain damage (his laboratory is recognized worldwide as the foremost center for the study of such patients), Antonio Damasio shows how the absence of emotion and feeling can break down rationality. In the course of explaining how emotions and feelings contribute to reason and to adaptive social behavior, Damasio also offers a novel perspective on what emotions and feelings actually are: a direct sensing of our own body states, a link between the body and its survival-oriented regulations, on the one hand, and consciousness, on the other.
Descartes' Error leads us to conclude that human organisms are endowed from the very beginning with a spirited passion for making choices, which the social mind can use to build rational behavior.

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Review: Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason and the Human Brain

User Review  - Lora Shouse - Goodreads

This book was not entirely what I expected - it was better and more interesting. It covered not just that emotion affects how we think but considered a little bit of how and why that happens. It seems ... Read full review

Review: Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason and the Human Brain

User Review  - CWM - Goodreads

Somatic marker theory is a well presented and argued theory supported by both neurological and phenomenological evidence behind it. I was only disappointed that Damasio didn't pursue his derived ... Read full review

Contents

Gages Brain Revealed
20
A Modern Phineas Gage
34
In Colder Blood
52
Copyright

9 other sections not shown

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About the author (1994)

Antonio R. Damasio, M.D., Ph.D., is the M. W. Van Allen Professor of Neurology and head of the department of neurology at the University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City. He is also adjunct professor at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California.

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