How to reduce factory costs: a factory manager's note-book of cost-cutting experiences ... (Google eBook)

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System Company, 1909 - Business & Economics - 144 pages
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Page 9 - Some men do their best with work piled shoulder high; some men must have it given them a piece at a time. Some men thrive on discouragement; some cannot work without cheerfulness. Study men— the men over you, under you, around you. Study them and learn how to get from each the beat that is in him.
Page 35 - make for the making's sake" is the industrial first commandment. To cut costs, to improve processes, to get an increasingly finer product from unchanging new materials; to give to customers the benefit of every automatic machine — this is good business as well as the only man's game left worth playing. The prize is quality. Quality begets success. More— it is success. CHAPTER V Reducing Costs by Studying Machines ONE of the difficulties, often highly important, to be overcome in the designing...
Page 113 - ... the ceiling of the room below the row of polishing wheels. Risers through the floor with a special hood draw the dust from each wheel. This hood is of unusual shape, not unlike a reflector for an electric light bulb, and has been found the most satisfactory form of hood, after much experimenting. It leaves the wheel free and at the same time catches the flying particles and sucks them into the conducting pipe. The Ambition That Wins ALL the great works of art, literature and science are great...
Page 133 - ... or unloaded by a grab bucket crane, mounted on a car and drawn by a locomotive. When coal is required in the power house, it is loaded by the same crane into dump cars and hauled on an elevated railroad to the bunkers over the boiler house. The coal in the pits is entirely covered by the water, and by keeping the bins flooded the company expects to reduce the losses in stored coal from 30 per cent to 2 per cent. Giving the Workmen Good Light SAW-TOOTH roofs furnish excellent lighting for single...
Page 78 - ... preventive ounce is worth a pound of cure in machine protection as in medicine. Cold economy alone proves it cheaper to cover a gear than to pay for a finger. A broken crane rope can be sketched as a dollar sign. CHAPTER VIII Producing Power at Lowest Cost A REGULAR inspection of shafting and belting by a man or squad of men responsible for the condition of the transmission machinery will go far to save coal. FH Willard, superintendent of the Graton and Knight Manufacturing Company, says: ' '...
Page 126 - The motor in the middle of the long line'shaft also divides the strain so that a lighter construction is possible. Profits from Cement Construction CEMENT is extremely useful building material .for the factory. Monolithic, brick-sheathed and cement block buildings are all suitable for manufacturing. The General Electric Company recently erected a new factory office building between two older brick structures. The shell of this new building was constructed of cement and a single course of brick overlaid,...
Page 97 - A corner of the floor juts out over the main foundry to receive the scrap, which is then loaded into narrow-gauge cars, weighed, and thrown into the furnaces. The entire operation is a lesson in modern industrial methods. Conveying Goods Cheaply by Air UNUSUAL methods are occasionally adopted for inter-factory transportation. A Detroit paper box concern uses an exhaust fan for carrying its product from one department to the next through sheet iron ducts. In the packing room are long rows of tables...
Page 14 - No. 8794, at 11:2o o'clock, July 14, and finished the operation at 4:42 the same day, so that the cost department in a moment was able to register the total amount of time, which was four and one-fourth hours. At the rate of 22y 2 cents an hour the labor cost of this job was 96 cents. This amount is transferred to the regular order and added to the other cost items. By this method of record both the labor cost and the exact progress or location of the job can always be learned at a glance, without...
Page 58 - MACHINE productivity is fixed by the weakest part of the mechanism. Up to a certain point machines may be speeded to a greater output; beyond this point the tool will fail. But between this point and the low limit is a field in which output can often be increased by a few simple changes in speed mechanism. A percentage of output which will change loss to profit may result from an hour's work—a dollar of expense. Carl Bender CHAPTER VII Factory Systems That Have Cut Costs WORK on machine shop orders...
Page 112 - Chicago, the dust collecting system has been very thoroughly worked out. The main exhaust pipe runs on the ceiling of the room below the row of polishing wheels. Risers through the floor with a special hood draw the dust from each wheel. This hood is of unusual shape, not unlike a reflector for an electric light bulb, and has been found the most satisfactory form of hood, after much experimenting. It leaves the wheel free and at the same time catches the flying particles and sucks them into the conducting...

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