Hospital Corps Quarterly, Issues 5-7 (Google eBook)

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United States, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery., 1918
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Page 14 - And thou shalt have a paddle upon thy weapon; and it shall be, when thou wilt ease thyself abroad, thou shalt dig therewith, and shalt turn back and cover that which cometh from thee...
Page 30 - With arms held straight, swing forward slowly, so that the weight of your body is gradually brought to bear upon the patient. The shoulder should be directly over the heel of the hand at the end of the forward swing. Do not bend your elbows. This operation should take about two seconds.
Page 94 - Up to the present time there has been no material brought out on either side that can be depended on to go through the other fellow's respirator. The casualties are due to surprise or to lack of training in the use of masks. The mask must be put on and adjusted within six seconds, which requires a considerable amount of preliminary training, if it is to be done under field conditions. Among other surprises on the part of the Germans were phenylcarbylamine chloride, a lachrymator, and diphenylchloroarsine,...
Page 86 - Canadians, who rallied on the left and advanced, in part through the gas cloud itself. The method first used by the Germans, and retained ever since, is fairly simple, but requires great preparation beforehand. A hole is dug in the botto*m of the trench close underneath the parapet, and a gas cylinder is buried in the hole. It is an ordinary cylinder, like that used for oxygen or hydrogen. It is then covered first with a quilt of moss, containing potassium carbonate solution, and then with sand bags.
Page 30 - This operation, which should take from two to three seconds, must not be violent internal organs may be. injured. The lower part of the chest and also the abdomen are thus compressed, and air is forced out of the lungs.
Page 92 - ... to be fulfilled in connection with it that its use is limited. It is very unlikely that the enemy will be able to spring another complete surprise with a gas cloud. The case is different with gas shells. The gas shells are the most important of all methods of using gas on the Western Front, and are still in course of development. The enemy started using them soon after the first cloud attack. He began with the celebrated "tear
Page 93 - Fourth, the gas shells succeed with targets that are not accessible to high explosives or to gas clouds. Take, for instance, a field howitzer, dug into a pit with a certain amount of overhead cover for the men, who come in from behind the gun. The men are safe from splinters, and only a direct hit will put the gun out of action. But the gas will go in where the shell would not. It is certain to gas some of the men inside the emplacement. The crew of the gun must go on firing with gas masks on, and...
Page 86 - ... trench close underneath the parapet, and a gas cylinder is buried in the hole. It is an ordinary cylinder, like that used for oxygen or hydrogen. It is then covered first with a quilt of moss, containing potassium carbonate solution, and then with sand bags. When the attack is to be made the sand bags and protecting cover are taken off the cylinder, and each cylinder is connected with a lead pipe which is bent over the top of the parapet. A sand bag is laid on the nozzle to prevent the back "kick"...
Page 87 - German gas attacks are made by two Regiments of Pioneers, with highly technical officers, including engineers, meteorologists, and chemists. They brought their first cylinders into the line without our knowing anything about it, except from the deserter's report which was not believed. The element of surprise was greatly lessened when we began to know what to look for and to recognize the sounds incident to the preparation of a gas attack. The first attack was made with chlorine. If a gas attack...
Page 29 - Kneel, straddling the subject's thighs and facing his head; rest the palms of your hands on the loins (on the muscles of the small of the back), with thumbs nearly touching each other and with fingers spread over the lowest ribs.

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