An introduction to solid state diffusion
The energetics and mechanisms of diffusion control the kinetics of such diverse phenomena as the fabrication of semiconductors and superconductors, the tempering of steel, geological metamorphism, the precipitation hardening of nonferrous alloys and corrosion of metals and alloys. This work explains the fundamentals of diffusion in the solid state at a level suitable for upper-level undergraduate and beginning graduate students in materials science, metallurgy, mineralogy, and solid state physics and chemistry. A knowledge of physical chemistry such as is generally provided by a one-year undergraduate course is a prerequisite, though no detailed knowledge of solid state physics or crystallography is required.
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adsorbed adsorption alkali alloy anion approximation atomic orbitals atoms binary bond energy Brillouin zone calculated cations Chapter charge chemical bond chemical potential Chemistry coefficient cohesive energy component composition compounds concentration conduction band configuration constant crystal structure cubic defects defined derived diamond diamond cubic diffusion dipole distance electronegativities electrostatic elements energy of formation enthalpy entropy equation equilibrium example experimental Figure fraction free energy given graphite halides heat capacity hence Henry's law hybrid hydrogen ideal interaction interface interstitial ions isothermal lattice energy ligand liquid melting metals molecules NaCl nearest neighbors obtained octahedral oxidation parameters partial perovskites phase diagram Phys plane potential energy radius reactions repulsive result schematically semiconductors shown in Fig solid solutions spin Substituting surface symmetry Table temperature thermal thermodynamic Tl Tl total number transition vacancy valence electrons values vapor pressure vibrational wave functions zone