Evolution Of Life Histories: Theory and Analysis (Google eBook)
There are many different types of organisms in the world: they differ in size, physiology, appearance, and life history. The challenge for evolutionary biology is to explain how such diversity arises. The Evolution of Life Histories does this by showing that natural selection is the principal underlying force molding life history variation. The book describes in particular the ways in which variation can be analyzed and predicted. It covers both the genetic and optimization approaches to life history analysis and gives an overview of the general framework of life history theory and the mathematical tools by which predictions can be made and tested. Factors affecting the age schedule of birth and death and the costs of reproduction are discussed. The Evolution of Life Histories concentrates on those theoretical developments that have been tested experimentally. It will interest both students and professionals in evolution, evolutionary ecology, mathematical and theoretical biology, and zoology and entomology.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Quantitative Genetic Background
22 Maintenance of Genetic Variation
Life History Theory A Framework
72 Variable Environments
73 Predicting Genotypic Versus Phenotypic Changes
81 Reproductive Investment and Breeding More Than Once
82 Optimal Reproductive Effort and Growth
83 Reproductive Effort and Age
84 Reproductive Effort and Parental Care
31 Measures of Fitness
32 Relationship Between Phenotypic TradeOffs and Genetic Correlations
33 Measurement of TradeOffs
Methods of Analysis
42 Graphical Analysis
43 Dynamic Programming
44 Matrix Methods
45 Model Testing
Age Schedules of Birth and Death
Costs of Reproduction
61 Reproductive Effort and Growth
62 Reproductive Effort and Survival
63 Reproductive Effort and Schedule of Reproduction
Age and Size at Maturity
71 Deterministic Environment
85 Reproductive Effort and Male Fitness
86 Reproductive Effort in a Variable Environment
91 Mechanical Factors in Evolution of Clutch Size
92 Hypotheses Generated by Considerations of Clutch Size in Endotherms
93 Hypotheses Generated by Consideration of Clutch Size in Insects
101 Effect of Size on Fitness Components of the Young
103 Optimal Propagule Size in a Constant Environment
104 Optimal Propagule Size in a Variable Environment
A Brief Review of Differentiation
age at maturity age schedule allocation American Naturalist analysis Animal assumed assumption behavior Biology birds body breeding brood chapter Charnov Cleptoparasitic components constant constraints cost of reproduction curve Daphnia decreases density differential Drosophila melanogaster Ecology ectotherms effect environment environmental equation estimated evolution evolutionary example factors favor fecundity female fish frequency-dependent selection function genetic correlations genetic variation genotype growth rate hatching hence heritability history theory history traits hypothesis insects iteroparous Journal larvae life-span lizards males mammals mating maximized measure of fitness mortality rate natural selection norm of reaction number of eggs number of offspring observed obtained Oecologia optimal age optimal clutch organism oviposition panel parameters parental pattern phenotypic correlations population predation predicted production propagule quantitative genetic rate of increase relationship relative clutch mass reproductive effort result Roff satellite season semelparous significant species studies surplus energy survival rate Table theoretical theory trade-off variable variance viviparity weight
Page vii - I think there is this one unerring mark of it, viz. the not entertaining any proposition with greater assurance, than the proofs it is built upon will warrant. Whoever goes beyond this measure of assent, it is plain, receives not truth in the love of it; loves not truth for truth's sake, but for some other by-end.
Page vii - And yet, for all this, one may truly say, there are very few lovers of truth for truth's sake, even amongst those who persuade themselves that they are so. How a man may know whether he be so in earnest, is worth inquiry : and I think there is this one unerring mark of it, viz. the not entertaining any proposition with greater assurance than the proofs it is built upon will warrant.
Page vii - ... pains to get it, nor be much concerned when he misses it. There is nobody in the commonwealth of learning who does not profess himself a lover of truth ; and there is not a rational creature lhat would not take it amiss to be thought otherwise of.
Page 5 - Then, if these models, despite their different assumptions, lead to similar results we have what we can call a robust theorem which is relatively free of the details of the model. Hence our truth is the intersection of independent lies.
Page 4 - Cole built a simple model to compare an annual with a perennial and found that 'for an annual species, the absolute gain in intrinsic population growth which could be achieved by changing to the perennial reproductive habit would be exactly equivalent to adding one individual to the average litter size
All Book Search results »
Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology: Ideas, Issues, and Applications
Charles B. Crawford,Dennis Krebs
No preview available - 1998