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agency agent agricultural annuities Aqua Caliente Arapahoes Article bands Cahuilla camp cattle ceded Cherokees Cheyennes chiefs Chivington Christian citizens civilized claim Colorado commissioners Congress corn council courts cultivation Dakota Delawares Department dians dollars faith farms fifty friendly friends give Governor grant horses hostile houses hundred hunting Indian Affairs Indian Bureau Indian Territory Indian tribes Interior justice Kansas killed labor living located massacre ment miles Minnesota Mission Indians missionaries Missouri Missouri River murder nation Nebraska never Nez Perces occupied Oregon party peace peaceable persons Poncas possession present President promised protection ranch received removal reservation River Sand Creek Sand Creek massacre says Secretary sent settlements severalty Sioux Sitting Bull soldiers Standing Bear subsistence taken thousand tion told tract treaty United States Government Valley village Wallowa Valley white settlers Winnebagoes women
Page 18 - They were admitted to be the rightful occupants of the soil, with a legal as well as just claim to retain possession of it, and to use it according to their own discretion...
Page 16 - treaty" and "nation" are words of our own language, selected in our diplomatic and legislative proceedings, by ourselves, having each a definite and well understood meaning. We have applied them to Indians as we have applied them to the other nations of the earth. They are applied to all in the same sense.
Page 13 - It has never been doubted that either the United States, or the several states, had a clear title to all the lands within the boundary lines described in the treaty, subject only to the Indian right of occupancy, and that the exclusive power to extinguish that right was vested in that government which might constitutionally exercise it.
Page 22 - A dwarf is as much a man as a giant; a small republic is no less a sovereign state than the most powerful kingdom.
Page 15 - When the conquest is complete, and the conquered inhabitants can be blended with the conquerors, or safely governed as a distinct people, public opinion, which not even the conqueror can disregard, imposes these restraints upon him; and he cannot neglect them without injury to his fame and hazard to his power.
Page 272 - But your great object seems to be the security of your remaining lands, and I have therefore upon this point, meant to be sufficiently strong and clear. That in future you cannot be defrauded of your lands. That you possess the right to sell, and the right of refusing to sell your lands.
Page 278 - States whereby the difficulties they have experienced by a residence within the settled parts of the United States under the jurisdiction and laws of the State Governments may be terminated and adjusted ; and with a view to reuniting their people in one body and securing a permanent home for themselves and their posterity in the country selected by their forefathers without the territorial limits of the State sovereignties, and where they can establish and enjoy a government of their choice and perpetuate...
Page 45 - The very extensive and highly cultivated fields and gardens show the work of many hands. The margins of those beautiful rivers — the Miamis, of the Lake, and...
Page 44 - Money, to us, is of no value, and to most of us unknown : and as no consideration whatever can induce us to sell the lands on which we get sustenance for our women and children, we hope we may be allowed to point out a mode by which your settlers may be easily removed, and peace thereby obtained.