On the genealogy of modernity: Foucault's social philosophy
This book focuses on the genealogy of modernity as it has been articulated by the original contributions of Kant, Nietzsche, and Foucault, in their respective conceptions of truth, power, and ethics. The author seeks to show that in order to articulate a philosophical discourse on modernity one must not only refer to cultural, historical events associated with modern conceptions of truth, power, and ethics, but one must also undertake an analysis of how these different axes concur to determine what we call 'modernity'. Such is in effect the genealogical thrust of this study, which is explicitly based upon Foucault's readings of Kant and Nietzsche, so as to show that critique and genealogy constitute a highly original contribution of Foucault's social philosophy to the study of modernity. The 'genealogy of modernity' is shown to constitute the major thesis of a Foucauldian 'philosophical discourse of modernity' which, contrary to Habermas's criticisms, does not evade questions of truth, normativity, and value, but rather problematises them. The genealogy of modernity is itself made possible by the articulation of the three axes of truth, power, and ethics that determine the historical a priori of our modern ethos as the condition of who we are, that is, the formation of modern subjectivity with its regimes of veridiction and jurisdiction, modes of subjectivation and practices of freedom.
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Chapter One Kants Critique and the Truth of Modern Man
Chapter Two Hegels Critique of Kant
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according to Foucault aesthetic aestheticism analysis anthropology archaeology articulation Christian cognition conception of human constitute critical critique of Kant critique of metaphysics critique of power cultural Deleuze dialectic disciplinary dispositifs effect empirical epistemic eternal return ethics ethos faculties formulation Foucauldian Foucault's conception Foucault's genealogy Foucault's reading foundation freedom genealogy of modernity Genealogy of Morals German idealism Gilles Deleuze Habermas Habermas's Hegel Hegel's critique Hegelian Heidegger Hence hermeneutics historical ontology historicism human nature Immanuel Kant insofar interpretation judgment of taste Kant's critique Kantian Kervegan knowledge Kritik logic metaphysics method Michel Foucault moral subject Nietzsche's critique Nietzsche's genealogy Nietzschean nihilism norm object ontology opposed overcome Paris phenomenology philosophy political pouvoir power relations precisely presupposes principle priori problem problematic question radical rational reading of Kant remarks representations savoir sciences self-overcoming Sittlichkeit social Spirit subjectivation teleology theoretical theory thesis transcendental translation truth understanding universal unmasked unveil