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absolute absolute monarchy Achaians act of parliament America ancient appointed archons aristocracy army Athens authority of parliament balance body Britain called canton charter chosen citizens civil Cleisthenes colonies common commonwealth consent constitution counsellors court cracy crown democracy democratical divided doge dominion election England English equal established executive power families favor form of government governor grand council Greece hereditary honor hundred independent inhabitants Ireland Isagoras judges judicial justice king kingdom land laws legislative legislature liberty little council lords Lycurgus magistrates Massachusettensis Massachusetts Megacles ment monarchy nation nature never nobility nobles officers oligarchy pacta conventa party patricians persons Pisistratus plebeians Poland political Polybius popular preserve president prince principles province realm representatives republic Roman says senate single assembly Solon sovereign sovereignty Sparta statute supreme taxes thing thought tion tories town tribes tribunes Turgot tyranny tyrant virtue vote Wales whigs whole writer
Page 227 - ... no part of the property of any individual can, with justice, be taken from him, or applied to public uses, without his own consent, or that of the representative body of the people.
Page 231 - It is essential to the preservation of the rights of every individual, his life, liberty, property, and character that there be an impartial interpretation of the laws, and administration of justice. It is the right of every citizen to be tried by judges as free, impartial, and independent as the lot of humanity will admit.
Page 235 - To which courts and judicatories are hereby given and granted full power and authority, from time to time, to administer oaths or affirmations, for the better discovery of truth in any matter in controversy, or depending before them. IV. [III.] And further, full power and authority are hereby given and granted to the said general court, from time to time, to make, ordain, and establish all manner of wholesome and reasonable orders, laws, statutes, and ordinances, directions, and instructions, either...
Page 264 - I do solemnly swear that I will administer justice without respect to persons, and do equal right to the poor and to the rich; and that I will faithfully and impartially discharge all the duties incumbent on me as , according to the best of my abilities and understanding agreeably to the Constitution and laws of the United States.
Page 229 - A frequent recurrence to the fundamental principles .of the constitution, and a constant adherence to those of piety, justice, moderation, temperance, industry, and frugality, are absolutely necessary to preserve the advantages of liberty, and to maintain a free government.
Page 221 - is a social compact by which the whole people covenants with each citizen, and each citizen with the whole people, that all shall be governed by certain laws for the common good.
Page 235 - ... so as the same be not repugnant or contrary to this Constitution ; and to impose and levy proportional and reasonable assessments, rates, and taxes, upon all the inhabitants of, and persons resident, and estates lying within the said Commonwealth...
Page 223 - And no subject shall be hurt, molested, or restrained, in his person, liberty, or estate, for worshipping GOD in the manner and season most agreeable to the dictates of his own conscience; or for his religious profession or sentiments; provided he doth not disturb the public peace, or obstruct others in their religious worship.
Page 370 - When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, there can be no liberty; because apprehensions may arise lest the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws, to execute them in a tyrannical manner. Again, there is no liberty if the power of judging be not separated from the legislative and executive powers.
Page 229 - All warrants, therefore, are contrary to this right, if the cause or foundation of them be not previously supported by oath or affirmation ; and if the order in the warrant to a civil officer, to make search in suspected places, or to arrest one or more suspected persons, or to seize their property, be not accompanied with a special designation of the persons or objects of search, arrest, or seizure ;_ and no warrant ought to be issued but in cases, and with the formalities prescribed by the laws.