The Biology of Human Survival : Life and Death in Extreme Environments: Life and Death in Extreme Environments (Google eBook)

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Oxford University Press, Sep 6, 2003 - Science - 280 pages
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The range of environments in which people can survive is extensive, yet most of the natural world cannot support human life. The Biology of Human Survival identifies the key determinants of life or death in extreme environments from a physiologist's perspective, integrating modern concepts of stress, tolerance, and adaptation into explanations of life under Nature's most austere conditions. The book examines how individuals survive when faced with extremes of immersion, heat, cold or altitude, emphasizing the body's recognition of stress and the brain's role in optimizing physiological function in order to provide time to escape or to adapt. In illustrating how human biology adapts to extremes, the book also explains how we learn to cope by blending behavior and biology, first by trial and error, then by rigorous scientific observation, and finally by technological innovation. The book describes life-support technology and how it enables humans to enter once unendurable realm, from the depths of the ocean to the upper reaches of the atmosphere and beyond. Finally, it explores the role that advanced technology might play in special environments of the future, such as long journeys into space.
  

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Contents

1 The Human Environment
1
2 Survival and Adaptation
10
3 CrossAcclimation
21
4 Food for Thought
29
5 Water and Salt
41
6 Water That Makes Men Mad
54
7 Tolerance to Heat
63
8 Endless Oceans of Sand
78
13 Bends and Rapture of the Deep
140
14 Sunken Submarines
152
15 Climbing Higher
164
16 Into the Wild Blue Yonder
181
17 G Whiz
193
18 The Gravity of Microgravity
203
19 Weapons of Mass Destruction
212
20 Human Prospects for Colonizing Space
227

9 Hypothermia
89
10 Life and Death on the Crystal Desert
99
11 Survival in Cold Water
119
12 Air as Good as We Deserve
129

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