Biosafety first: holistic approaches to risk and uncertainty in genetic engineering and genetically modified organisms
Li Ching Lim, Terje Traavik
Tapir Academic Press, 2007 - Political Science - 612 pages
The challenges for risk identification, assessment and management posed by genetic engineering and genetically modified organisms are some of the most demanding issues facing many countries and societies today. The evolving field of biosafety has developed in response to these challenges. BIOSAFETY FIRST is a stimulating collection of the latest thinking concerning biosafety science. It is a unique work as its approach to biosafety is holistic, encompassing not only the scientific, but also the socio-economic, cultural, policy and regulatory spheres. It does not claim to give all the answers, but acknowledges the issues and points to the uncertainties and knowledge gaps that still need to be addressed. Drawing on the new scientific field of 'gene ecology', and advocating a precautionary approach, this book provides a foundation on which countries can start to openly and responsibly appraise these new technologies and their products.
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activity agricultural animals applications approach bacteria biodiversity Biological Diversity Biotechnol biotechnology Bt-toxin CaMV Cartagena Cartagena Protocol changes Chapter chemical chromosomes cloning complex contain context cultural decision detection DNA methylation DNA sequences Doerfler ecological effects environment environmental enzyme ethical eukaryotic example exotic species foreign DNA function Gene Ecology gene expression gene flow genetic engineering genetically modified organisms genome GM crops GM foods GM plants GMO/LMO GMOs Group hence horizontal gene transfer host human impact important indigenous insertion integration interactions introduced issues knowledge lentivirus LMOs maize mammalian marker genes methods molecular molecules monitoring mRNA natural nucleotide pest plant cells plasmid potential Precautionary Principle production promoter protein Protocol on Biosafety recombinant DNA regulation regulatory release relevant risk assessment safety scientific scientists studies testing tion Traavik traits trans transcription transformation transgenesis transgenic plants uncertainty vector virus