Religion and Sexuality: The Shakers, the Mormons, and the Oneida Community

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University of Illinois Press, 1981 - Political Science - 363 pages
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Review: Religion and Sexuality: The Shakers, the Mormons, and the Oneida Community

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Contents

A New Heaven and a New Earth The Millennial Impulse and the Creation of Alternative Family Systems
3
Anthropological Perspectives
6
The Social Context
10
The Millennial Response
15
The Structure of This Study
18
They Neither Marry Nor Are Given in Marriage The Origins and Early Development of Celibate Shaker Communities
21
English Origins of Shakerism
23
Early Growth of the Shakers in America
26
The Pivotal Period in Nauvoo
139
The Revelation on Plural Marriage and Eternal Family Relationships
142
Reactions to Polygamy
146
Joseph Smiths Plural Wives
151
Irregularities and Forgotten Practices
159
Liminality and Communitas
166
The Bennett Scandal
169
A Pamphlet Defense of Polygamy
174

Hostility toward the Shakers
30
Organizing the Movement
35
Tensions of Transition
41
The Second Wave of Expansion
44
Impressionistic Perspectives
48
A Quantitative A nalysis
54
Daily Life among the Shakers
58
Crisis and Renewal
62
That All May Be One John Humphrey Noyes and the Origins of Oneida Community Complex Marriage
72
John Humphrey Noyes and His Religious Quest
75
Rethinking Relations between the Sexes
79
Noyess Marriage and the Move toward Community
82
The Ideological Underpinnings
88
Male Continence and Mutual Criticism
93
First Steps toward Group Marriage at Putney
100
Reorganizing Relations between the Sexes at Oneida
102
The Institutionalization of Complex Marriage
107
The Temporary Discontinuance of Complex Marriage
111
Daily Life at Oneida
116
Stirpiculture and the End o Complex Marriage
118
Noyes in Retrospect
120
A New and Everlasting Covenant of Marriage Joseph Smith and the Origins of Mormon Polygamy 18311844
123
Four Approaches to the Origins of Mormon Polygamy
125
Joseph Smiths Sense of Religious Mission
128
Intellectual Origins of Polygamy before Nauvoo
130
The Parting of the Ways
177
Puritan Polygamy Brigham Young and the Institutionalization of Mormon Polygamy 18441852
181
The Role of Brigham Young
183
Schismatic Challenges to Brigham Young
186
The Prophet Who Failed
190
The Westward Migration and the Law of Adoption
195
The Public Announcement of Plural Marriage
199
The Practice of Polygamy
204
Status Advantages for Women under Polygamy
211
Divorce and Polygamy in Utah
216
The Crusade against Polygamy
220
Radical Products of the Great Revivals Reflections on Religion the Family and Social Change
226
Women and the Structure of Religious Authority
228
Women and Economic Life
231
Women and Sexual Expression
234
Ideals of the Family Motherhood and Childrearing
237
Relations with the Larger Society
240
Causes of Decline
243
A Permanent Revolution?
245
Appendix
249
Notes
257
I
341
Index
353
Copyright

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About the author (1981)

Foster, who has a Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Pennsylvania, is the chairman of the Philosophy Department at the University of Massachusetts in Boston.

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