The Decline in Employment of People with Disabilities: A Policy Puzzle (Google eBook)

Front Cover
David C. Stapleton, Richard V. Burkhauser
W.E. Upjohn Institute, Jan 1, 2003 - Business & Economics - 429 pages
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This volume reports on the employment decline of working-age people with disabilities. The contributors provide documentation of the decline, an evaluation of its conflicting causes, and the implications for public policy.
  

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Contents

Employment and the Changing Disability Population
217
EMPLOYMENT MEASURES FOR THE DISABILITY POPULATION
219
THE CHANGING SIZE AND COMPOSITION OF THE DISABILITY POPULATION
224
INCREASED PREVALENCE OF CHRONIC CONDITIONS AND IMPAIRMENTS
234
WHAT RISK FACTORS MIGHT HAVE LED TO THESE INCREASES?
242
CONCLUSION
253
Notes
254
The Americans with Disabilities Act and the Employment of People with Disabilities
259

DATA DESCRIPTION
26
CONCEPTUALIZING DISABILITY
28
EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
34
EXPLAINING THE DIFFERENCES IN EMPLOYMENT TRENDS IN OTHER STUDIES
41
OTHER LABOR MARKET SUCCESS MEASURES
47
CONCLUSION
52
Notes
54
Appendix 2A
59
References
85
Employment Declines among People with Disabilities
87
DATA AND MEASUREMENT
88
SHIFTS IN POPULATION COMPOSITION
90
ISOLATED OCCURRENCE OR WIDESPREAD DECLINE?
95
DECOMPOSITION OF EMPLOYMENT DECLINE
101
WITHINGROUP CHANGES IN HEALTH
108
CONCLUSION
110
Notes
111
Supplementary Tables
113
References
123
Have Changes in the Nature of Work or the Labor Market Reduced Employment Prospects of Workers with Disabilities?
125
THE STATIC ASPECTS OF WORK
128
THE DYNAMIC ASPECTS OF WORK
156
CONCLUSION
160
Notes
161
Data and Methodology
165
Appendix Notes
175
References
176
Rising Health Care Expenditures and the Employment of People with HighCost Chronic Conditions
181
BACKGROUND
183
DATA AND METHODS
188
FINDINGS
198
DISCUSSION
208
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
209
Notes
211
References
212
BACKGROUND
260
THE A PRIORI CASE AGAINST THE ADA
263
EMPIRICAL STUDIESTHE WEIGHT OF THE EVIDENCE AGAINST THE ADA
265
WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE?
273
Notes
275
Does the Definition Affect the Outcome?
279
PROBLEMS IN DEFINING AND MEASURING DISABILITY
282
ESTIMATES OF EMPLOYMENT PATTERNS AND TRENDS
291
CONCLUSION
295
Notes
296
References
298
Is It Time to Declare the ADA a Failed Law?
301
ECONOMIC MODELS OF EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION
303
EFFECT OF ADA TITLE I
307
DOES THE ADA EXACERBATE THE EMPLOYMENT PROBLEM?
314
CONCLUSION
328
Notes
329
References
332
Social Security Disability Insurance and the Recent Decline in the Employment Rate of People with Disabilities
339
BACKGROUND
341
FINDINGS
348
DISCUSSION
362
Notes
365
References
367
A Review of the Evidence and Its Implications for Policy Change
369
DID THE EMPLOYMENT RATE DECLINE?
372
WHICH MEASURE OF THE EMPLOYMENT RATE SHOULD WE FOCUS ON?
375
WHAT CAUSED THE EMPLOYMENT RATE DECLINE?
377
POLICY IMPLICATIONS
393
Notes
403
References
404
The Authors
407
Index
413
About the Institute
429
Copyright

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Page 7 - disability" means, with respect to an individual (A) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of such individual; (B) a record of such an impairment; or (C) being regarded as having such an impairment.
Page 21 - Economic analysis of transfer programs targeted on people with disabilities", in O. Ashenfelter and D. Card (eds.), Handbook of Labor Economics, Vol. 3, Amsterdam, pp.

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