Missing Priests: The Zadokites in Tradition and History
Biblical scholars agree that priesthood(s) played a critical role in the social, historical, cultural, and religious lives of the ancient Israelites. This study seeks to clarify the role of one such priesthood, the Zadokites. Traditional scholarship assumes the dominance of a Zadokite priesthood from a united monarchy until the time of the Hasmoneans. The thesisof this study is that references to the "sons of Zadok" in ancient texts reflect the sectarian nature of the Second Temple period. The extent to which modern scholarship has magnified the Zadokites as the dominant priestly institution from the monarchy into the Second Temple period cannot besubstantiated. Rather, the Second Temple period serves as the terminus for all literary references to the Zadokites and provides a socio-historical context which allows for the development of a plausible reconstruction explaining their appearance in the ancient texts. This comprehensive study of the Zadokites provides a study of historiography that traces the growth of scholarly notions concerning the Zadokites. The study examines historiographic issues related to the development of these conceptualizations. Literary analysis indicates the role and status of the Zadokites in available textual evidence. A socio-historical reconstruction forms the theoretical basis and attempts to answer such questions such as: Who placed the Zadokites in these texts? Why were the Zadokites included in these texts? The Zadokites will be situated in relation to the Dead Sea Scrolls. The study provides a foundation for studies of priesthood(s) in ancient Israel.
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ZADOKITES AS THE DOMINANT PRIESTHOOD
Chapter 2 HISTORIOGRAPHY AND THE ZADOKITES
Chapter 5 BIBLICAL EVIDENCE OF THE ZADOKITES
Chapter 6 EXTRABIBLICAL EVIDENCE OF THE ZADOKITES
Aaronite Abiathar Ahimaaz Ahimelech Ahitub ancient Israel approaches Archaeology assumptions Azariah Ben Sira biblical material biblical texts Blenkinsopp book of Ezekiel century B.C.E. Chronicles conceming conﬂict consensus context critical David Dead Sea Scrolls deﬁled Dever discussion dominant Eleazar evidence exile Ezek 44 Ezra Ezra-Nehemiah father ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁom ﬁrst genealogy Grabbe Hasmonean Hebrew Bible high priest high priesthood historians historiography history of ancient History of Israel house of Zadok Ibid interpretation Israelite Japhet Jerusalem Jewish Josephus Judah Judaism Judea king Knoppers legitimation Lemche Lenski Levites lineage mentioned monarchy named Zadok Nehemiah Old Testament Persian period Phinehas pre-exilic Press presuppositions priesthood in ancient priestly families prophet questions Qumran reconstruction references to Zadok reﬂect Sadducees Samuel-Kings sanctuary scholars scholarship Scolnic Second Temple Second Temple Period Seraiah Shefﬁeld Sira social social-scientiﬁc Solomon sons of Aaron sons of Zadok speciﬁc suggests textual tion traditional Wellhausen YHWH Zadokite priesthood Zadokites