Safety Issues Associated with Plutonium Involvement in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle (Google eBook)
Theodore A. Parish, Vyacheslav V. Khromov, Igor Carron
Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 28, 1999 - Science - 241 pages
The "VOLGA" conferences, hosted in odd-numbered years by the Department of Theoretical and Experimental Reactor Physics of the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI), are some of the most prestigious technical meetings held in Russia. Traditionally, these conferences present the opportunity for reactor physicists from around the world to gather at MEPhI's holiday camp on the banks of the Volga river (near Tver) to exchange ideas and explore innovative concepts related to nuclear power development. In 1997, NATO became involved in the "VOLGA" meetings for the first time by co-sponsoring "VOLGA97" as an advanced research workshop. This workshop broke with tradition a bit in that the venue was moved from MEPhI's holiday camp to a location nearer Moscow. The workshop program was effectively organized in order to cover a broad range of topics relating to the theme of the meeting. Generally, the papers concerned safety related questions associated with utilizing both weapons-grade and reactor-grade plutonium in the nuclear fuel cycle, including facility requirements, licensing issues, proliferation risks, and a variety of advanced concepts for alternative fuel cycles. The program contained a total of ninety-nine papers presented in five days of sessions.
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1999 Kluwer Academic achieved addition Associated with Plutonium BN-600 reactor breeding blanket bumup burning burnup calculations coefficient containing control rods cross sections currently delayed neutron denaturing enrichment erbium experience experimental facilities factor fast reactors feed fuel fissile fission products fraction fuel assemblies fuel fabrication fuel rods global grade plutonium heat IAEA increase irradiation isotopes isotopic composition Kluwer Academic Publishers lattice LMFR loading LWRs MCNP MCU-RFFI/A minor actinides models MOX fuel neptunium neutron emission nuclear energy Nuclear Fuel Cycle nuclear power plants nuclear reactors nuclear weapons operation option oxide parameters performance plutonium disposition plutonium fuel Plutonium Involvement plutonium utilization problems protection radiation radioactive waste RBMK reactor core reactor-grade plutonium recycling reprocessing Russia Safety Issues Associated SAPFIR spent fuel storage subassemblies T. A. Parish Table temperature thermal reactors transmutation void reactivity VVER VVER-1000 reactors water reactors weapons plutonium weapons-grade plutonium
Page ii - Kluwer Academic Publishers Kluwer Academic Publishers Kluwer Academic Publishers IOS Press IOS Press The Partnership Sub-Series incorporates activities undertaken in collaboration with NATO's Partners in the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council - countries of the CIS and Central and Eastem Europe - in Priority Areas of concem to those countries.
Page 2 - War, significant quantities of weapons-usable fissile materials (primarily plutonium and highly enriched uranium) have become surplus to national defense needs both in the United States and Russia. The danger exists not only in the potential for proliferation of nuclear weapons, but also in the potential for environmental safety, and health consequences if the surplus fissile materials are not property managed.