Safety Issues Associated with Plutonium Involvement in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle (Google eBook)

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Theodore A. Parish, Vyacheslav V. Khromov, Igor Carron
Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 28, 1999 - Science - 241 pages
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The "VOLGA" conferences, hosted in odd-numbered years by the Department of Theoretical and Experimental Reactor Physics of the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI), are some of the most prestigious technical meetings held in Russia. Traditionally, these conferences present the opportunity for reactor physicists from around the world to gather at MEPhI's holiday camp on the banks of the Volga river (near Tver) to exchange ideas and explore innovative concepts related to nuclear power development. In 1997, NATO became involved in the "VOLGA" meetings for the first time by co-sponsoring "VOLGA97" as an advanced research workshop. This workshop broke with tradition a bit in that the venue was moved from MEPhI's holiday camp to a location nearer Moscow. The workshop program was effectively organized in order to cover a broad range of topics relating to the theme of the meeting. Generally, the papers concerned safety related questions associated with utilizing both weapons-grade and reactor-grade plutonium in the nuclear fuel cycle, including facility requirements, licensing issues, proliferation risks, and a variety of advanced concepts for alternative fuel cycles. The program contained a total of ninety-nine papers presented in five days of sessions.

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The USRussian Joint Studies on Using Power Reactors to Disposition Surplus Weapons Plutonium as Spent Fueld
Current State of and Near Term Prospects for Plutonium Management in Russia
The Role of Nuclear Power in Sustainale Development
Plutonium Disposition Research and Related Activities at the Amarillo National Resource Center for Plutonium
The ISTC Projects Related to Plutonium Utilization and Disposition Overivew
Waste Partitioning and Transmutation as a Means Towards LongTerm Risk Reduction
Nuclear Criticality Safety Aspects of the Utilization of WeaponsGrade Plutonium in MOX Fuel Using Current BNFL Technology
Reducing the Proliferation Risk of Weapons Plutonium by Mixing with ReactorGrade Plutonium
Plutonium Management and Actinide Burning in CANDU Reactors
The Next Stage in Nuclear Power Development Improved Pu Usage Safety Radioactive Waste and NonProliferation Features
Neutronic Aspects of WeaponsGrade Plutonium Utilization in the VVER1000 Fuel Cycle
Validation of the MCURFFIA Code for Applications to Plutonium Systems and Use of the MCURFFIa Code for Verification of Physics Design Codes...
Development of Neutronic Models for Two Types of Reactors Based on the SAPFIR Package of Universal Algorithms
Performance Modeling for Weapons MOX Fuel in Light Water Reactors
Nuclear Power Systems Using Fast Reactors to Reduce LongLived Wastes
PlutoniumFueled LMFRs Problems of Design Optimization for SelfProtection

COGEMAs Contribution to the Recycling of Military Plutonium
Plutonium Incineration in LWRs The First Step in the Double Strata Fuel Cycle
State of the Art and Outlook for the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the Russian Federation
OnSite Spent Fueld Management Based on Electrorefining
Prospects For Improvement of VVER Fuel Management and MOX Utilization
Use of UraniumErbium and PlutoniumErbium Fuel in RBMK Reactors
Equilibrium Proliferation Resistant Closed Fueld Cycles for LWRs
Delayed Neutron Data for Actinides Obtained from Global Level Measurements
Burning of Plutonium in Advanced Modular Pebble Bed HTRs The Most Effective and Safe Way for Disposition
Denaturing Ex Weapons Plutonium
Author and Subject Index

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Page ii - Kluwer Academic Publishers Kluwer Academic Publishers Kluwer Academic Publishers IOS Press IOS Press The Partnership Sub-Series incorporates activities undertaken in collaboration with NATO's Partners in the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council - countries of the CIS and Central and Eastem Europe - in Priority Areas of concem to those countries.
Page 2 - War, significant quantities of weapons-usable fissile materials (primarily plutonium and highly enriched uranium) have become surplus to national defense needs both in the United States and Russia. The danger exists not only in the potential for proliferation of nuclear weapons, but also in the potential for environmental safety, and health consequences if the surplus fissile materials are not property managed.