Women, ideology, and violence: critical theory and the construction of gender in the book of the covenant and the Deuteronomic law
Cheryl Anderson examines the laws relating to women that are found in the Book of the Covenant and the Deuteronomic law. She argues that the laws can be divided into those that treat women similarly to men (defined as "inclusive" laws) and those that treat women differently ("exclusive" laws). This study then suggests that the exclusive laws, which construct gender as male dominance/female subordination, do not just describe violence against women but constitute a form of violence against women. As a non-historical critique of ideology, critical theory is used to offer analytical insights that have significant implications for understanding gender constructions and violence in both ancient and contemporary settings.
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Previous Research on the Role of Biblical Law
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Adam's and Eve's adultery Agrarian Family analysis ancient Israel ancient Near Eastern apodictic apostasy argues BC and DL behavior biblical laws Bird Boecker Brenner Burnette-Bletsch Chapter construct gender Construction of Gender context Covenant critical theory Cult Prostitute cuneiform laws death debt slaves Deut Deuteronomic Law Deuteronomy discussion Eve's Daughters example exclusive laws Exod Exodus Exum Family Laws father female slave female's feminine Fewell and Gunn Frymer-Kensky gender paradigm gender theory goring ox Hebrew Bible Hermeneutics household husband inclusive laws injury intercourse interpretation Israelite Israelite male Jackson Kristeva Lemche Levinson levirate marriage male dominance male or female males and females married masculinity narrative national identity Old Testament Law orphan owner Patrick penalty Phillips Pressler privileged prohibition punishment rape culture refers result roles scholars sexual Sheffield Academic Press social sorcery Specifically speech act Steinberg Studies subordination tion unbetrothed University Press violence against women virgin widow wife woman Yahweh